Pammachius (died c. 409 AD) was a Roman senator who is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. Pammachius became a monk, that is, put on a religious habit and gave himself up to works of charity. After his wife's death he built a hospice for poor strangers.
Detail of a painting of Saint Pammachius above a side altar in the Basilica of Saints John and Paul, Rome
|Died||c. 409 AD|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
Eastern Orthodox Church
He was probably among the viri genere optimi religione præclari, who in 390 denounced Jovinian to Pope St. Siricius. When he attacked St. Jerome's book against Jovinian for prudential reasons[clarification needed], Jerome wrote him two letters thanking him; the first, vindicating the book, was probably intended for publication.
On Paulina's death in 397, Pammachius became a monk, that is, put on a religious habit and gave himself up to works of charity. In 399 Pammachius and Oceanus wrote to St. Jerome asking him to translate Origen's De Principiis, and repudiate the insinuation of Rufinus that St. Jerome was of one mind with himself with regard to Origen. St. Jerome replied the following year. In 401 Pammachius was thanked by St. Augustine for a letter he wrote to the people of Numidia, where he owned property, exhorting them to abandon the Donatist schism. Many of St. Jerome's commentaries on Scripture were dedicated to Pammachius.
The site has been excavated, and the excavations have disclosed the plan and the arrangement of this only building of its kind. Rooms and halls for the sick and poor were grouped around it.
The church of Santi Giovanni e Paolo in Rome was founded either by Pammachius or his father. It was anciently known first as the Titulus Bizantis, and then as the Titulus Pammachii.
He died about 409.
The liturgical feast of Pammachius is kept on 30 August.
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- See Ambrose, Ep. xli.
- These two letters are Jerome's Epp. xlviii and xlix.
- See Jerome, Ep. lxvi and Paulinus of Nola, Ep. xiii.
- See Jerome, Epp. lxxxiii–iv.
- See Augustine, Ep. lviii.
- See Jerome, Epp. lxvi, lxxvii.
- Frothingham, The Monuments of Christian Rome, p. 49