Fossil of Diplopora annulata, a shallow marine water green alga from Triassic of Italy

Paleophycology (also once known as paleoalgology) is the subdiscipline of paleobotany that deals with the study and identification of fossil algae and their evolutionary relationships and ecology.[1][2]

The field is very important in the science of paleolimnology as the algae leave many indicators of fossil ecosystems. Primary and most familiar are both fossil shells from diatoms and biogeochemical traces of algal pigments in lake sediments. These fossils are clues to changes in nutrient availability and ecology of lakes.[3][4]

Fossil stromatolites from the Archaean Pilbara Craton of Western Australia

Some paleophycologists:


  1. ^ "the Free Dictionary".
  2. ^ Neuendorf, Klaus K. E.; Mehl Jr., James P.; Jackson, Julia A., eds. (2005). Glossary of geology (5th ed.). Alexandria: American Geological Institute. ISBN 9780922152766.
  3. ^ Smol, John P. (2009). Pollution of Lakes and Rivers a Paleoenvironmental Perspective (2nd ed.). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-4443-0757-3.
  4. ^ "Use of Algae in Biomonitoring Assessments" (PDF). Centre for Ecological Sciences. Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Granier's academic page".
  6. ^ "Riding's academic page".