Palana (Russian: Пала́на, Koryak: Ӄычг'эт, Пыльг'ыльг'ын) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Tigilsky District of Koryak Okrug of Kamchatka Krai, Russia which serves as the administrative center of Koryak Okrug. It is located on the west coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula on the right bank of the Palana River within 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) from the Sea of Okhotsk. Population: 3,155 (2010 Census);[2] 3,928 (2002 Census);[7] 4,343 (1989 Census).[8]

Palana

Палана
View of Palana from a hill
View of Palana from a hill
Flag of Palana
Flag
Coat of arms of Palana
Coat of arms
Location of Palana
Palana is located in Russia
Palana
Palana
Location of Palana
Palana is located in Kamchatka Krai
Palana
Palana
Palana (Kamchatka Krai)
Coordinates: 59°05′N 159°56′E / 59.083°N 159.933°E / 59.083; 159.933Coordinates: 59°05′N 159°56′E / 59.083°N 159.933°E / 59.083; 159.933
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKamchatka Krai[1]
Administrative districtTigilsky District[1]
Area
 • Total15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Population
 • Total3,155
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
2,920 (-7.4%)
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
 • Capital ofKoryak Okrug[1]
 • Urban okrugPalana Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofPalana Urban Okrug
Time zoneUTC+12 (MSK+9 Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
688000Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID30851000051

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Palana is the administrative center of Koryak Okrug in Kamchatka Krai and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it is subordinated to Tigilsky District of Koryak Okrug.[1] As a municipal division, the urban-type settlement of Palana is incorporated as Palana Urban Okrug.[9]

TransportationEdit

It is served by the Palana Airport.

CultureEdit

There are several dance ensembles, both professional and amateur, in Palana.

MediaEdit

Internet access is provided by KamchatSvyazInform from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.

ClimateEdit

Palana has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc), intermediate between those of the Sakha Republic and the eastern coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula. The Sea of Okhotsk freezes during the winter and thus there is less moderation of temperatures during this season than is found on the Pacific side of the peninsula, and the Aleutian Low tends to produce less precipitation.

Climate data for Palana (1955-1991)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
10.0
(50.0)
12.0
(53.6)
15.0
(59.0)
23.9
(75.0)
29.1
(84.4)
32.2
(90.0)
28.0
(82.4)
21.1
(70.0)
19.0
(66.2)
12.0
(53.6)
11.0
(51.8)
29.7
(85.5)
Average high °C (°F) −12.5
(9.5)
−11.5
(11.3)
−6.5
(20.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.9
(44.4)
13.2
(55.8)
16.5
(61.7)
15.6
(60.1)
11.6
(52.9)
4.6
(40.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
1.9
(35.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.1
(1.2)
−16.7
(1.9)
−12.3
(9.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
2.5
(36.5)
8.1
(46.6)
11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52.0)
6.8
(44.2)
0.4
(32.7)
−7.8
(18.0)
−14.6
(5.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
Average low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9.0)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−11
(12)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.2
(36.0)
5.8
(42.4)
5.6
(42.1)
1.0
(33.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
−13.1
(8.4)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−8.7
(16.3)
Record low °C (°F) −47
(−53)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−38.9
(−38.0)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−5
(23)
−2.2
(28.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−21
(−6)
−34
(−29)
−40
(−40)
−47
(−53)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.4
(1.08)
17.5
(0.69)
21.5
(0.85)
36.8
(1.45)
41.1
(1.62)
66.5
(2.62)
82.8
(3.26)
89.5
(3.52)
72.8
(2.87)
107.7
(4.24)
79.9
(3.15)
41.9
(1.65)
685.4
(27)
Source: climatebase.ru (1955-1991)[10]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #46
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ Law #350-oz
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ The Law #46 lists one urban-type settlement and seven rural localities in Tigilsky District. The urban-type settlement of Palana is listed as a part of Palana Urban Okrug in Law #350-oz.
  10. ^ "Palana, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 23, 2013.

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное Собрание Камчатского края. Закон №46 от 29 апреля 2008 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Камчатского края», в ред. Закона №659 от 30 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 5 Закона Камчатского края "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Камчатского края"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Официальные Ведомости", №65-69, 6 мая 2008 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kamchatka Krai. Law #46 of April 29, 2008 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kamchatka Krai, as amended by the Law #659 of July 30, 2015 On Amending Article 5 of the Law of Kamchatka Krai "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kamchatka Krai". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Дума Корякского автономного округа. Закон №350-оз от 15 ноября 2004 г. «О территории и границах муниципального образования городской округ "посёлок Палана"», в ред. Закона №291-оз от 4 мая 2007 г «О внесении изменений в статью 1 Закона Корякского автономного округа "О территории и границах муниципального образования городской округ "посёлок Палана"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Народовластие", №104, 25 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Koryak Autonomous Okrug. Law #350-oz of November 15, 2004 On the Territory and the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Urban Okrug of the "Settlement of Palana", as amended by the Law #291-oz of May 4, 2007 On Amending Article 1 of the Law of Koryak Autonomous Okrug "On the Territory and the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Urban Okrug of the "Settlement of Palana". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).