Pakistan Medical and Dental Council
The Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (Urdu: پاکستان طبی و دندان سازی انجمن; abbreviated as PMDC) is a statutory regulatory authority that maintains the official register of medical and dental practitioners in Pakistan. Its main function is to "establish uniform minimum standard of basic and higher qualifications in medicine and dentistry throughout the country" by controlling entry to the council's register and suspending or removing members when necessary. The council also sets the education standards for medical and dental institutions in Pakistan along with the Higher Education Commission (Pakistan).
|Justice (R) Mian Shakirullah Jan|
|Dr. Abid Zaheer Farooqi|
|Ministry of National Health Services Regulation and Coordination|
The Pakistan Medical and Dental Council was initially established as Pakistan Medical Council in 1948 by adopting the British Indian Medical Council Act 1933 on the recommendations of the 1947 Pakistan Health Conference. It was later reorganized under the Pakistan Medical Council Act 1951 whereby each province has its own medical council. In 1957, the West Pakistan Medical Council was formed by merging the Sindh Medical Council and the Punjab Medical Council. The Pakistan Medical Council Ordinance 1962 established the present-day Pakistan Medical and Dental Council as a statutory body in 1962 and all provincial councils were dissolved. Three amendments were passed thereafter as the Medical and Dental Council (Amendment) Act in 1973, 1999 and 2012.
The council has been mandated to regulate the practice of medicine and dentistry in Pakistan by:
- Prescribing a uniform minimum standard of courses of training for obtaining undergraduate and postgraduate medical and dental qualifications
- Prescribing minimum requirements for the content and duration of undergraduate and postgraduate medical and dental courses of study
- Prescribing the conditions for admission of courses of training as aforesaid
- Prescribing minimum qualification and experience required of teachers for appointment in medical and dental institutions
- Prescribing the standards of examinations, methods of conducting the examinations
- Prescribing the qualifications and experience required of examiners for professional examinations
- Registering faculty and students of all medical and dental institutions
- Maintaining the Register of Medical and Dental Practitioners
- Inspecting and formulate recommendations regarding recognition of medical and dental institutions for training of undergraduate and postgraduate qualification
- Inspecting undergraduate and postgraduate examination for standardization
- Deciding cases against registered practitioners for conduct and professional negligence
- Inspecting and approve hospitals for house job and training
- Prescribing guidelines for medical and dental journals
- Issuing experience certificates to faculty
- Setting up schemes of reciprocity with other countries and medical and dental regulatory authorities
All medical and dental practitioners and students are required to register with the council to legally practice medicine and dentistry in Pakistan. The guidelines for registration are outlined under "Chapter IX, Pakistan Registration of Medical and Dental Practitioners Regulations, 2008.
Several corruption allegations and scandals have been associated with the council. In particular, irregularities in the registration of medical and dental colleges and allegations of wrongdoing in the accreditation of doctors have also been leveled in judicial probes of the council’s affairs. A judicial commission was set up under a court order after allegations of embezzlement in the registration of private medical and dental colleges in 2013. The commission was headed by the former Lahore High Court judge Shabbar Raza Rizvi.
- "The Medical and Dental Council Ordinance - 1962" (PDF). punjab.gov.pk.
- The Medical and Dental Council (Amendment) Act, 2012
- Council, Pakistan Medical and Dental. "Pakistan Medical and Dental Council > Admission rules > PG". www.pmdc.org.pk.
- Ikram Junaidi, Malik Asad (2 November 2015). "PMDC scandal: Disillusioned with the Hippocratic Oath?". dawn.com.