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Pakaraimaea is a genus of trees in the family Cistaceae.

Pakaraimaea
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Pakaraimaea
Species:
P. dipterocarpacea
Binomial name
Pakaraimaea dipterocarpacea

The genus contains a single species, Pakaraimaea dipterocarpacea, from South America. The species is found in the western highlands of Guyana and in adjacent Bolivar State in Venezuela.[1] It maintains strong ectomycorrhizal associations with a wide variety of fungal species.[2] The trees can sometimes be seen forming large stands in the western Guyanas.

As of APG IV, the species has been moved out of the Dipterocarpaceae (formerly in subfamily Pakaraimoideae) and is now placed within an expanded Cistaceae due to molecular evidence showing that it is sister to the remainder of Cistaceae.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bassett Maguire and Peter S. Ashton (1980). "Pakaraimaea dipterocarpacea II". Taxon. 29 (2/3): 225–231. doi:10.2307/1220284. JSTOR 1220284.
  2. ^ Smith, Matthew E.; Henkel, Terry W.; Uehling, Jessie K.; Fremier, Alexander K.; Clarke, H. David; Vilgalys, Rytas (2013-01-31). "The Ectomycorrhizal Fungal Community in a Neotropical Forest Dominated by the Endemic Dipterocarp Pakaraimaea dipterocarpacea". PLoS ONE. 8 (1): e55160. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055160. ISSN 1932-6203.
  3. ^ Ducousso, M.; Bena, G.; Bourgeois, C.; Buyck, B.; Eyssartier, G.; Vincelette, M.; Rabevohitra, R.; Randrihasipara, L.; Dreyfus, B. (2004). "The last common ancestor of Sarcolaenaceae and Asian dipterocarp trees was ectomycorrhizal before the India-Madagascar separation, about 88 million years ago". Molecular Ecology. 13 (1): 231–236. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x.2003.02032.x. ISSN 0962-1083.