Paški Kozjak (pronounced [ˈpaːʃki ˈkoːzjak]; in older sources also Kozjak, German: Kosjak) is a settlement in the Municipality of Velenje in northern Slovenia. It lies in the hills east of the town of Velenje. The area is part of the traditional region of Styria. The entire municipality is now included in the Savinja Statistical Region.
|• Total||4.36 km2 (1.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||638.7 m (2,095.5 ft)|
Paški Kozjak was attested in written sources in 1296 as Pochsruk (and as Gosyak and Kosyak in 1403). The full name literally means 'Kozjak near Paka', differentiating the settlement from neighboring Kozjak. The name Kozjak is derived from the Slovene common noun koza 'goat', but the motivation is unclear; this may refer to goats that grazed in the area, or to the fancied resemblance of the angular mountain ridges to a goat's back. The medieval German transcription Pochsruk (literally, 'goat's back') suggests the latter origin, also referring to Paški Kozjak Ridge (1272 m) northeast of the settlement. In the past, the settlement was known as Kosjak in German.
The area was the site of a battle in the Second World War between Slovene Partisans and the Nazi German armed forces, which took place in the night between January 17 and 18, 1944 when the Partisans tried to break through the German lines to reach the Pohorje Hills. The event and the Partisans killed during the operation are commemorated with a granite monument.
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 4: Štajersko. 1904. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 270.
- Velenje municipal site
- Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 208.
- Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 4177