The pünte at Wiltshausen near Leer in East Frisia

A pünte (plural: pünten) is the German term for a type of non-motorised river boat and thus a special type of flat-bottomed boat. It is propelled manually using a crank or hauled by horses on the shore. Today pünten are used almost exclusively as ferries.

HistoryEdit

Pünten were built from wood. They had a flat bottom and the sides sloped only slight outwards. Pünten were often fitted with a sail, although this was usually insufficient for propulsion, so that the boat was mostly hauled as well. A horse was transported on board for this purpose, which had to be put ashore when the boat came to stretches of river that required the boat to be hauled.[1]

Pünten todayEdit

After centuries of decline, several pünten are again in operation in Germany in East Frisia and the Emsland, as well as the Dutch province of Drenthe. For example the Leher Pünte, the only sail-driven ferry over the navigable Ems, crosses the river near Lehe[2] and, near the Großes Meer in the East Frisian municipality of Südbrookmerland pünten are used at two points along a cycleway.[3] The Dutch province of Drenthe has a pünte, Johannes Veldkamp, a restored historical pünte dating to 1907.[4]

The oldest operational hand-operated ferry in Central Europe is the pünte in Wiltshausen, which crosses the Jümme at its confluence with the Leda.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Marlene Schepers: Von der Pünte zum Containerschiff Archived 2015-07-13 at the Wayback Machine (pdf; 11.9 MB), Reederei H. Schepers
  2. ^ Leher Pünte Archived 2011-02-20 at the Wayback Machine, Touristikverein der Samtgemeinde Dörpen e. V.
  3. ^ Mit der Pünte über das Marscher Tief, 3-Meere-Weg, Projekt Großes Meer
  4. ^ Pünte „Johannes Veldkamp“ Archived 2011-05-05 at the Wayback Machine