Otto Joachim (composer)
|Died||July 30, 2010 (aged 99)|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Occupation||Violist, teacher, composer of acoustic and electroacoustic works|
Early life and educationEdit
Joachim was born in Düsseldorf, Joachim to Jewish parents. His father was an opera singer. He trained as a violinist at Düsseldorf and at the Rheinische Musikschule in Cologne.
In 1934 Joachim left Nazi Germany (as did many Jewish composers of his time). He played in Singapore and Shanghai during the war years, opened a radio shop, and experimented with electronic instruments and accessories. He also performed occasionally in the Shanghai Municipal Symphony Orchestra and organized an orchestra to perform Jewish and other Western music.
Joachim left Shanghai at the time of the Communist takeover of China, and settled permanently in Montreal in 1949. For the next 15 years Joachim worked as a player, teacher, instrument builder and composer. He played in the Montreal Symphony Orchestra, and beginning in 1956 taught violin and viola at both the McGill Conservatory and at the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal.
In the 1950s Joachim experimented with twelve-tone music, and in 1956 composed String Quartet, an instrumental piece which combined twelve tone music with more traditional classical techniques. In 1958 he founded the Montreal Consort of Ancient Instruments, and directed it for ten years.
Since the 1960s he has concentrated on his compositions which are a mix of aleatoric and electroacoustic works. He composed a multi-channel electroacoustic work for the Canadian Pavilion, Katimavik at Expo 67 in Montreal. It was in the late-1970s that Joachim took up painting and sculpture. In 1994, he received an honorary doctorate from Concordia University, Montreal. The multi-channel electroacoustic studio in the Department of Music at Concordia University is named "The Otto Joachim Project Studio", where one of his paintings hangs.
Joachim died in 2010.
- Concertante for violin, string orchestra and percussion (1960)
- Contrastes for orchestra (1968)
- Dialogue for viola and piano (1964)
- Expansion for flute and piano (1967)
- Music for Violin and Viola (1953)
- Nonet (1960)
- Paean for cello (1985)
- Petite œuvre for flute, viola and cello (2000)
- Quatro intermezzi for flute and guitar (1981)
- Requiem for violin, or viola, or cello solo (1976)
- Requiem in Memoriam Serge Garant for guitar solo (1976, 1986)
- String Quartet (1960)
- Twelve 12-Tone Pieces for Children for piano solo (1961)
- Words & Music. Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada. 2001. p. 8.
- Paul Helmer (22 June 2014). Growing with Canada: The ƒmigrŽ Tradition in Canadian Music. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-7735-7624-7.
- Jonathan Goldstein; Benjamin I. Schwartz (24 February 2015). The Jews of China: v. 1: Historical and Comparative Perspectives. Routledge. p. 232. ISBN 978-1-317-45605-6.
- Keith Campbell MacMillan; John Beckwith (1975). Contemporary Canadian composers. Oxford University Press. p. 103.
- "Montreal composer Otto Joachim dies". CBC News, Aug 03, 2010
- "THE STRING QUARTET IN CANADA". by Robert William Andrew Elliott, University of Toronto, 1990.
- "Otto Joachim". The Canadian Encyclopedia, April 3, 2012 by Evan Ware, Rick Macmillan
- "Otto Joachim: Always Ahead of his Time", La Scena Musicale, by Caroline Louis / November 1, 2010
- https://montrealgazette.com/entertainment/Composer+revitalized+music+Canada/3348239/story.html[permanent dead link]
- "He Pushed the Boundaries of Canadian Music". National Post, Aug 5, 2010 -