Oskar Boettger (German: Böttger; 31 March 1844 – 25 September 1910) was a German zoologist who was a native of Frankfurt am Main. He was an uncle of the noted malacologist Caesar Rudolf Boettger (1888–1976).
|Born||31 March 1844|
|Died||25 September 1910(aged 66)|
|Alma mater||University of Würzburg|
|Institutions||Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt|
From 1863 to 1866 he studied at the Bergakademie Freiberg, then worked for a year in a chemical factory in Frankfurt am Main. In 1869 he received his doctorate from the University of Würzburg. The following year (1870), he became a paleontologist at the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt, where in 1875 he became the curator of the museum's department of herpetology. He is credited for making Senckenberg's herpetological collection among the best in Europe.
Boettger had agoraphobia and rarely left home, never setting foot in a museum from 1876 to 1894. Thus he relied on assistants to bring specimens he needed for his research. He was editor of Katalog der batrachier- Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main as well as Katalog der Reptilien- Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main, both catalogs being issued by the Senckenberg Museum. Also, he was co-author of the herpetology volume for the third edition of Alfred Brehm's Tierleben. During the latter stages of his career he taught classes at the Wöhler-Realgymnasium in Frankfurt and also engaged in some foreign travel.
As a taxonomist he described many species of amphibians and reptiles new to science. In 1911 famed zoologist George Albert Boulenger (1858–1937) dedicated the species Anolis boettgeri to Boettger, defined as a Peruvian anole of the family Dactyloidae. A number of other herpetological species/subspecies are named in his honor, including:
- Atractus boettgeri, Boettger's ground snake
- Calumma boettgeri, Boettger's chameleon, described by Boulenger in 1888
- Cacosternum boettgeri, Boettger's dainty frog
- Emoia boettgeri, Boettger's emo skink
- Hymenochirus boettgeri, African dwarf frog
- Micrelaps boettgeri, Boettger's two-headed snake
- Scincella boettgeri, Boettger's ground skink
- Stenocercus boettgeri, Boettger's whorl-tailed lizard
- Tarentola boettgeri, Boettger's wall gecko
- Testudo hermanni boettgeri, eastern Hermann's tortoise
- Trachylepis boettgeri, Boettger's mabuya
- Xenophrys boettgeri, a species of Asian toad
- Zonosaurus boettgeri, Boettger's girdled lizard
He named and described some gastropod taxa, including:
- "Boettger, Oskar" p. 410. In: (1955). Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 2. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. ISBN 3-428-00183-4. (in German).
- WorldCat Search (publications).
- SSARHerps Archived 2008-07-05 at the Wayback Machine (biography).
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Boettger, O.", pp. 29-30; "Hermina", p. 122).
- Reptile Database Anolis boettgeri.
- Reptile Database Calumma boettgeri Boulenger, 1888.
- Reptile Database Tarentola boettgeri Steindachner, 1891.
- Note: This article incorporates translated text from the French Wikipedia, sources listed as:
- Adler, Kraig (1989). Contributions to the History of Herpetology. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 202 pp. ISBN 978-0-916984-19-9.
- Lescure, Jean; Le Garff, Bernard (2006). L'étymologie des noms d'amphibiens et de reptiles d'Europe. Paris: Éditions Belin. 207 pp. ISBN 2-7011-4142-7. (in French).