Order of the Star of the Romanian Socialist Republic

The Order of the Star of the Socialist Republic of Romania (Romanian: Ordinul Steaua Republicii Socialiste România), from 1948 to 1965 the Order of the Star of the Romanian People's Republic (Romanian: Ordinul Steaua Republicii Populare Române), was the second-highest honor bestowed by the Socialist Republic of Romania (known as the Romanian People's Republic from 1947 to 1965). Established on 12 January 1948, during the regime's first month, it came in five classes:[1]

Order of the Star of the Romanian Socialist Republic
Order Star Romania 1kl.jpg
Order of the Star of the Socialist Republic of Romania, 1st Class
EstablishedJanuary 12, 1948 (1948-01-12)
Classes1st through 5th
ROM Ordinul Steaua Republicii Populare Române clasa I BAR.svg
Ribbon, 1st Class

RecipientsEdit

Recipients of its first class included Siegfried Wolfinger (1952), Lucia Sturdza-Bulandra (1953), Emil Bodnăraș, Justinian Marina, Gala Galaction (1954), Dimitrie Cuclin (1955), Simion Stoilow (1957), Alexandru Kirițescu, László Szabédi, Petre Antonescu, Cicerone Theodorescu (1958), N. Gh. Lupu, Károly Kós (1959), Tudor Arghezi (1960), Ion S. Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Macovei, Erasmus Julius Nyárády, Horia Maicu, George Oprescu, Mihail Jora, Miron Radu Paraschivescu (1961), Ion Agârbiceanu, Nicolae Profiri, Aurel Beleș, Corneliu Miklosi, Ion Jalea, Patriarch Alexy I of Moscow, Perpessicius (1962),[2] Leontin Sălăjan (1963),[3] Nikita Khrushchev (1964),[2] Nicolae Giosan (1971 and 1981)[4] Soeharto (1982)[5] and Kim Il-sung (1982).[6]

Recipients of its second class included Corneliu Baba,[7] Alexandru Bârlădeanu,[8] Mihai Beniuc,[2] Geo Bogza, George Călinescu, Alexandru Ciucurencu,[7] Nicolae Corneanu,[9] George Georgescu, Athanase Joja, Barbu Lăzăreanu,[10] and Gheorghe Mihoc.[11]

Dumitru Coliu received both classes, in 1948 and 1957, respectively.[12]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hieronymussen, Paul (1967). Orders and Decorations of Europe in Color. Translated by Crowley, Christine. New York: Macmillan. p. 182. OCLC 1150984867.
  2. ^ a b c Cristian Vasile, Politicile culturale comuniste in timpul regimului Gheorghiu-Dej, p.81-2. Editura Humanitas, Bucharest, 2013, ISBN 978-973-50-4222-6
  3. ^ Dobre et al., p. 529
  4. ^ Dobre et al., p. 298
  5. ^ "Penghargaan - Situs Web Kepustakaan Presiden-Presiden Republik Indonesia". kepustakaan-presiden.perpusnas.go.id. Retrieved 2022-07-10.
  6. ^ Kim, Son Gyong (2020). "Reflection of Ardent Reverence for Great Person" (PDF). Pictorial Korea. Vol. 772, no. 4. p. 10. ISSN 1727-9208.
  7. ^ a b "Decretul nr. 138/1971 privind conferirea unor ordine ale Republicii Socialiste România". lege5.ro (in Romanian). State Council of Romania. December 31, 2021. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  8. ^ Dobre et al., p. 93
  9. ^ "Decretul nr. 500/1964 pentru conferirea unor ordine și medalii". lege5.ro (in Romanian). Buletinul Oficial. December 9, 1964. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  10. ^ "Acad. B. Lăzăreanu", Studii. Revistă de Istorie, Nr. 1/1957, pp. 247–248.
  11. ^ Decretul nr. 138 din 20 aprilie 1971 al Consiliului de Stat al Republicii Socialiste România privind conferirea unor ordine ale Republicii Socialiste România, art. 5.
  12. ^ Dobre et al., p. 168

ReferencesEdit

  • Florica Dobre, Liviu Marius Bejenaru, Clara Cosmineanu-Mareș, Monica Grigore, Alina Ilinca, Oana Ionel, Nicoleta Ionescu-Gură, Elisabeta Neagoe-Pleșa, Liviu Pleșa, Membrii C.C. al P.C.R. (1945–1989). Dicționar. Bucharest: Editura Enciclopedică, 2004. ISBN 973-45-0486-X