Order of the Norwegian Lion
The Order of the Norwegian Lion was a Norwegian order of knighthood established by King Oscar II on 21 January 1904, "in memory of the glorious events associated with Norway’s venerable Coat of Arms".
|Order of the Norwegian Lion|
Den norske løve
Star of the Order of the Norwegian Lion
|Type||Single grade Order of knighthood|
|Status||repealed by Court resolution 11 March 1952|
|Last induction||10 September 1904|
|Next (lower)||Order of St. Olav|
|Related||Order of the Seraphim|
Badge of the order
The order was established as an equivalent in rank to the Swedish Order of the Seraphim as knights of the Norwegian Order of St. Olav ranked below the knights of the Seraphim in the shared Swedish-Norwegian royal court. However the expansion of the Norwegian honours system received mixed reactions amongst Norwegian politicians.
The Union between Sweden and Norway was dissolved in 1905 before any Norwegian knights had been appointed and King Haakon VII chose not to appoint any new knights. He formally repealed the order in a Court resolution on 11 March 1952. The last living knight was King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden who died in 1973.
Complete list of knightsEdit
|1||The King||Royal Family||21 January 1904|
|2||The Crown Prince|
|3||The Duke of Skåne|
|4||The Duke of Södermanland|
|5||The Duke of Västmanland|
|6||The Duke of Västergötland|
|7||The Duke of Närke|
|1||Wilhelm II||German Emperor||27 January 1904|
|2||Franz Joseph I||Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary||5 April 1904|
|3||Christian IX||King of Denmark||10 September 1904|
|4||Émile Loubet||President of France||1 December 1904|
King Haakon VII formally became Grand Master on 18 November 1905, but never wore any of the order's insignias.