Open main menu

The Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun was instituted by Fat’h Ali Shah of the Qajar Dynasty in 1808 to honour foreign officials (later extended to Persians) who had rendered distinguished services to Persia. In 1925, under the Pahlavi dynasty the Order continued as the Order of Homayoun with new insignia, though based on the Lion and Sun motif. This motif was used for centuries by the rulers of Persia, being formally adopted under Mohammad Shah.

Order of the Lion and the Sun
Officier in de Orde van de Leeuw en de Zon Iran rond 1900 Civiele Divisie.png
Officer's Medal of the Order
Awarded by
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
Head of the Iranian Imperial Family
TypeDynastic Order
Royal houseHouse of Pahlavi
SovereignCrown Prince Reza of Iran
GradesKnight/Dame Grand Cordon, Knight/Dame Grand Officer, Knight/Dame Commander, Knight/Dame Officer, Knight/Dame, Companion
Former gradesKnight Grand Cross with Collar
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of Aqdas
Next (lower)Order of the Crown
Order of the Pleiades
Order of the Lion and the Sun Ribbon Bar - Imperial Iran.svg
Ribbon of the Order
Pendant of the Order of the Lion, France, 1840-1860, enameled gold with diamonds, rubies, garnets, and paste - Aga Khan Museum - Toronto, Canada

The order is abbreviated as KLS, for Knight of Lion and Sun.[1]

The order was senior to the Order of the Crown. It was issued in five grades.

Contents

Foreign recipientsEdit

Major-General Sir John Malcolm was the first foreign recipient in 1810. Other foreign recipients include:

In literatureEdit

  • Anton Chekhov has a short story titled The Lion And The Sun. The story is about a mayor who had "long been desirous of receiving the Persian order of The Lion and the Sun".[1]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • On 6 September 1900, the mayor of Mariánské Lázně, Dr. Nadler, was decorated with the Commander Cross of the Lion and the Order of the Sun by the Shah during an official visit.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kaye, Jonn William (1856). The life and correspondence of Major-General Sir John Malcolm, G. C. B., late envoy to Persia, and governor of Bombay. London: Smith, Elder and Co. pp. 31–32. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  2. ^ Mikaberidze 2005, p. 341.
  3. ^ Percin Ordre du Lion et du Soleil
  4. ^ a b J.M. Hammond. Battle in Iraq: Letters and Diaries of the First World War, p. 25
  5. ^ "No. 27431". The London Gazette. 16 May 1902. p. 3011.
  6. ^ "Army and Navy Gazette". Army and Navy Gazette. 24 November 1906.
  7. ^ The Gazette, supplement 705
  8. ^ "Wladyslaw Anders". Retrieved 2016-07-22.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit