Order of the Lion and the Sun

The Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun (Persian: نشان سلطنتی شیر و خورشید) was instituted by Fat’h Ali Shah of the Qajar Dynasty in 1808 to honour foreign officials (later extended to Iranians) who had rendered distinguished services to Iran. In 1925, under the Pahlavi dynasty the Order continued as the Order of Homayoun with new insignia, though based on the Lion and Sun motif. This motif was used for centuries by the rulers of Iran, being formally adopted under Mohammad Shah.

Order of the Lion and the Sun
Officier in de Orde van de Leeuw en de Zon Iran rond 1900 Civiele Divisie.png
Officer's Medal of the Order
Awarded by
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
Head of the Iranian Imperial Family
TypeDynastic Order
Royal houseHouse of Pahlavi
SovereignCrown Prince Reza of Iran
GradesKnight/Dame Grand Cordon, Knight/Dame Grand Officer, Knight/Dame Commander, Knight/Dame Officer, Knight/Dame, Companion
Former gradesKnight Grand Cross with Collar
Next (higher)Order of Aqdas
Next (lower)Order of the Crown
Order of the Pleiades
Order of the Lion and the Sun (Iran). Medal.gif
Ribbon of the Order

The order is abbreviated as KLS, for Knight of Lion and Sun.[1]

The order was senior to the Order of the Crown. It was issued in five grades.

In literatureEdit

  • Anton Chekhov has a short story titled The Lion And The Sun. The story is about a mayor who had "long been desirous of receiving the Persian order of The Lion and the Sun".[2]

See alsoEdit

Pendant of the Order of the Lion, France, 1840–1860, enameled gold with diamonds, rubies, garnets, and paste - Aga Khan Museum - Toronto, Canada


  • On 6 September 1900, the mayor of Mariánské Lázně, Dr. Nadler, was decorated with the Commander Cross of the Lion and the Order of the Sun by the Shah during an official visit.


  1. ^ Kaye, John William (1856). The Life and Correspondence of Major-General Sir John Malcolm, G. C. B., late Envoy to Persia, and Governor of Bombay. Vol. II. London: Smith, Elder, and Co. pp. 31–32.
  2. ^ "The Lion and the Sun".


External linksEdit