The Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun (Persian: نشان سلطنتی شیر و خورشید) was instituted by Fat’h Ali Shah of the Qajar Dynasty in 1808 to honour foreign officials (later extended to Iranians) who had rendered distinguished services to Iran. In 1925, under the Pahlavi dynasty the Order continued as the Order of Homayoun with new insignia, though based on the Lion and Sun motif. This motif was used for centuries by the rulers of Iran, being formally adopted under Mohammad Shah.
|Order of the Lion and the Sun |
|Awarded by |
Head of the Iranian Imperial Family
|Royal house||House of Pahlavi|
|Sovereign||Crown Prince Reza of Iran|
|Grades||Knight/Dame Grand Cordon, Knight/Dame Grand Officer, Knight/Dame Commander, Knight/Dame Officer, Knight/Dame, Companion|
|Former grades||Knight Grand Cross with Collar|
|Next (higher)||Order of Aqdas|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Crown|
Order of the Pleiades
Ribbon of the Order
The order is abbreviated as KLS, for Knight of Lion and Sun.
The order was senior to the Order of the Crown. It was issued in five grades.
- Kaye, John William (1856). The Life and Correspondence of Major-General Sir John Malcolm, G. C. B., late Envoy to Persia, and Governor of Bombay. Vol. II. London: Smith, Elder, and Co. pp. 31–32.
- "The Lion and the Sun".
- Mikaberidze, Alexander (2005). Russian Officer Corps of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Casemate Publishers. ISBN 978-1611210026.
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