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Oravița (Romanian pronunciation: [oˈravit͡sa]; Hungarian: Oravicabánya; German: Orawitz; Czech: Oravice; Serbo-Croatian: Oravica/Оравица) is a town in southwestern Romania, in Caraș-Severin County, with a population of 15,524 in 2000. Its theater is a fully functional scaled down version of the old Burgtheater in Vienna. Six villages are administered by the town: Agadici (Agadics; Agaditsch), Brădișoru de Jos (Majdán), Broșteni (Brostyán), Ciclova Montană (Csiklóbánya; Montan-Tschiklowa), Marila (Marillavölgy; Marillathal) and Răchitova (Rakitova).

Mâța Neagră (2).JPG
Coat of arms of Oravița
Coat of arms
Oravița is located in Romania
Location of Oravița
Coordinates: 45°2′25″N 21°41′7″E / 45.04028°N 21.68528°E / 45.04028; 21.68528
Country Romania
CountyCaraș-Severin County
 • MayorDumitru Ursu (Social Democratic Party)
 • Total162.64 km2 (62.80 sq mi)
 • Total15,265
 • Density90/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
1930 9,585—    
1948 6,974−27.2%
1956 8,175+17.2%
1966 9,912+21.2%
1977 14,987+51.2%
1992 15,293+2.0%
2002 15,222−0.5%
2011 10,225−32.8%
Source: Census data


The name of the town is derived from the Slavic word orah(ov), meaning "(of) walnut" with suffix -ița.[1]



The history of Agadici can be traced back to at least the 17th century, when records noted a population of "800 souls". Today, there are fewer than 200 people living in Agadici. Agadici is a word derived from Turkish: Aga meaning 'colonel' and dici meaning 'daughter'. Therefore, Agadici means "daughter of the colonel". The town was supposedly named after a colonel's daughter when the Ottoman Empire occupied the land that is now the Banat (see the Temeşvar Eyalet).

Ciclova MontanăEdit

The second-oldest beer in what is now Romania was produced in Ciclova; it is first attested in a document of 1728. In the beginning, production was under the management and patronage of the local Catholic monastery. Known as "bere Ciclova" in later years, the firm went bankrupt in 1996.[2]

Anina–Oravița railwayEdit

View from Oravița–Anina mountain railway in 2010

The Anina–Oravița was the first mountain railway in today's Romania, opened in 1863, it is still in use today for touristic purposes, and it is one of the most beautiful railways in Europe due to very picturesque landscapes, viaducts and long tunnels.


  1. ^ Iordan, Iorgu (1963). Toponimia romînească. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne. p. 84. OCLC 460710897.
  2. ^ (in Romanian) Cristian Franț, "Berea Ciclova, un brand extrem de puternic care a murit subit", Adevărul, June 24, 2013