Orahovac

  (Redirected from Orahovac Municipality)

Orahovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Ораховац) or Rahovec (definite Albanian form: Rahoveci) is a town and municipality located in the District of Prizren in western Kosovo.[a] According to the 2011 census, the town of Orahovac has 15,892 inhabitants, while the municipality has 56,208 inhabitants.

Orahovac
Rahovec or Rahoveci  (Albanian)
Ораховац / Orahovac  (Serbian)
Panorama of Orahovac
Panorama of Orahovac
Official logo of Orahovac
Location of the municipality of Orahovac within Kosovo
Location of the municipality of Orahovac within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°23′58″N 20°39′17″E / 42.39944°N 20.65472°E / 42.39944; 20.65472Coordinates: 42°23′58″N 20°39′17″E / 42.39944°N 20.65472°E / 42.39944; 20.65472
CountryKosovo[a]
DistrictDistrict of Gjakova
Government
 • MayorSmajl Latifi (AAK)
 • Municipal278 km2 (107 sq mi)
Elevation
477 m (1,565 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Urban
15,892
 • Municipal
56,208
 • Municipal density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
21000
Area code(s)+383 29
Car plates07/PZ
Websitekk.rks-gov.net/rahovec

NameEdit

The Serbian name of the town, Orahovac, is derived from the Serbian orah, meaning "walnut".[1] The Albanian name Rahovec comes from an Albanised pronunciation of Orahovac.[1]

Ernst Eichler considers that the toponym delivers from Albanian term rrah, which delivers from Illyrian.[2]

Geography and populationEdit

The municipality covers an area of approximately 276 km2 (107 sq mi) and contains 35 villages. In 2014 the town had a total population of 23,200 and the population of the municipality was 58,214.[3] In 2011 the municipality had a total population of 56,208.[4]

DemographicsEdit

Municipal historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194827,335—    
195330,095+1.94%
196135,461+2.07%
197146,788+2.81%
198161,178+2.72%
199185,698+3.43%
201156,208−2.09%
2016
est.
58,908+0.94%
Source: Division of Kosovo

According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Orahovac has 56,208 inhabitants.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group 1991 census 2011 census
Albanians 55,119 55,166
Ashkali and Egyptians - 703
Serbs 3,938 134
Romani - 84
Others 885 121
Total 59,942 56,208

LanguageEdit

The town is known for a local dialect, Orahovac dialect (ravëqki; rahovecianshe, gjuha e Rahovecit) which is a mixture of Albanian, Serbian, Turkish and Bulgarian languages. Its use has declined rapidly after the Kosovo War, with Albanian becoming the predominant language.[5]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Shkëlzen Maliqi (born 1947), Kosovo Albanian former politician, born in Orahovac.
  • Ajet Shehu (born 1990), English footballer, born in Orahovac.
  • Ukshin Hoti (1943–1999), Kosovo Albanian activist, politician, and philosopher, born in Krusha e Madhe.
  • Ali Sokoli (1921–1974), Yugoslav physician, born in Orahovac.
  • Jovan Grković-Gapon (1879–1912), Serbian Chetnik, born in Orahovac.
  • Lazar Kujundžić (1880–1905), Serbian Chetnik commander, born in Orahovac.
  • Kida (born 1997), Kosovo Albanian female singer

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b The political status of Kosovo is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, it is formally recognised as an independent state by 97 UN member states (with another 15 recognising it at some point but then withdrawing recognition), while Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Skok, Petar (1988) [1971]. Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian). Vol. 2. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. p. 562. ISBN 86-407-0064-8. orah, pl. orasi ... praslav. orěhъ "nux". Pridjev na -ov orahov, poimeničen u topnimiji u sr. r. Orahovo, ... Orahov Do (Hercegovina), ... Oriovac, gen. -vca (toponim u Slavoniji) = Oravac, gen. -avca = Oraovac (1770, Kosmet) = Raovec u arbanaskom izgovoru.
    [Translation: orah, plural orasi ... from the Proto-Slavic orěhъ "nux". The adjective on -ov, orahov, is nominalised in toponymy into Orahovo, ... Orahov Do (Herzegovina), ... Oriovac (Slavonia) = Oravac = Oraovac (1770, Kosovo and Metohija) = Raovec in Albanian pronunciation. (N.B. Orahovac and Rahovec are shown here in h-less variants Oraovac and Raovec)]
  2. ^ Namenforschung : ein internationales Handbuch zur Onomastik. 1. Teilband. Ernst Eichler. Berlin: De Gruyter. 1995. ISBN 978-3-11-020342-4. OCLC 435630850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ Municipal Profile: Rahovec/Orahovac Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, May 2006. Accessed October 2014.
  4. ^ Municipal Profile: Rahovec/Orahovac. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, March 2014. Accessed October 2014.
  5. ^ "Kosovo's Mysterious Dialect Fades Away :: Balkan Insight". www.balkaninsight.com. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  • Marijana Milosavljević (NIN, 15 December 2005)

External linksEdit