Opera dei Congressi
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The Opera dei Congressi or Work of the Congress was a Roman Catholic organisation that promoted Catholic ideas and culture. It was created in 1874, and observed of the positions of the Catholic Church, in particular Non Expedit. It began as a non-political group but moved into protesting the imprisonment in the Vatican of the Pope. It fought against anticlerical legislation and the many divorce bills that were introduced by successive Liberal governments (1861-1922).
It was organised in a hierarchical way, with headquarters at local, regional, and diocesan levels. After 1880, it had a surge in popularity, promoting economic and social activity with farm loan banks, mutual aid societies, and cooperatives.
It was dissolved in 1904 by Pope Pius X.
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