Tbilisi Open Air Museum of Ethnography
The Giorgi Chitaia Open Air Museum of Ethnography (Georgian: გიორგი ჩიტაიას სახელობის ეთნოგრაფიული მუზეუმი ღია ცის ქვეშ, giorgi chitaias sakhelobis et’nograp’iuli muzeumi ghia ts’is k’vesh) is an open-air museum in Tbilisi, Georgia, displaying the examples of folk architecture and craftwork from various regions of the country. The museum is named after Giorgi Chitaia, a Georgian ethnographer, who founded the museum on April 27, 1966. Since December 30, 2004, it has been administered as part of the Georgian National Museum.
The museum is located west to Turtle Lake on a hill overlooking the Vake district, Tbilisi. It is essentially a historic village populated by buildings moved there from all main territorial subdivisions of Georgia. The museum occupies 52 hectares of land and is arranged in eleven zones, displaying around 70 buildings and more than 8,000 items. The exhibition features the traditional darbazi-type and fiat-roofed stone houses from eastern Georgia, openwork wooden houses with gable roofs of straw or boards from western Georgia, watchtowers from the mountainous provinces of Khevsureti, Pshavi, and Svaneti, Megrelian and Imeretian wattle maize storages, Kakhetian wineries (marani), and Kartlian water mills as well as a collection of traditional household articles such as distaffs, knitting-frames, chums, clothes, carpets, pottery and furniture. There are also an early Christian "Sioni" basilica from Tianeti and a 6th-7th century familial burial vault with sarcophagus.
See also edit
- Open Air Museum Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. Georgian National Museum. Retrieved on March 24, 2008.
- G. Chitaia Museum of Ethnography - Open Air Museum[permanent dead link]. Ministry of Culture, Monuments Protection and Sport. Retrieved on March 24, 2008.
- Art Gene: Summer Festival Celebrates the Traditional Knowledge and Diversity of Georgia’s Regions Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. Georgia Today. May 18, 2007.