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Two members of Onion Lake Cree Nation in 1946

Onion Lake Cree Nation, comprising the adjacent Makaoo 120 and Seekaskootch 119 Indian reserves, is a Cree First Nation band government in Canada that straddles the Alberta/Saskatchewan provincial border approximately 50 km (31 mi) north of the City of Lloydminster.[1]

It is within Alberta's County of Vermilion River and Saskatchewan's Rural Municipality of Frenchman Butte No. 501 at the intersection of Highway 17 and Alberta Highway 641/Saskatchewan Highway 797.[2]

The Makaoo 120 reserve is located within both provinces while the Seekaskootch 119 reserve is wholly within Saskatchewan. Both reserves once maintained separate band governments, combining to form Onion Lake in 1914. With both reserves combined, the Onion Lake Cree Nation has a total land area of 21,254.6 hectares (52,521 acres), and has 5350 registered First Nations members (as of December, 2012).[3][1]

The Onion Lake Cree Nation has four schools within the community, one of which is a Cree immersion program.



Onion Lake is a translation of oskaskosîwi-sâkahikan, "wild onion lake", a nearby body of water where the plant was abundant. When referring to the community today, though, Cree speakers typically use wîhcekaskosîwi-sâkahikanihk, "[domestic] onion lake".[4]

Onion Lake, SaskatchewanEdit

The unincorporated area of Onion Lake is located within the Saskatchewan portion of the Onion Lake Cree Nation[5] at the intersection of Highway 17 and Alberta Highway 641/Saskatchewan Highway 797.[2]


  1. ^ a b "About Us". Onion Lake Cree Nation. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  2. ^ a b "GeoSearch2006". Statistics Canada. 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  3. ^ "AANDC (Registered Population)". Retrieved 2013-01-11.
  4. ^ Barry, Bill (2005). Geographic Names of Saskatchewan. Regina, Saskatchewan: People Places Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-897010-19-2.
  5. ^ "Geographical Names of Canada – Onion Lake, Saskatchewan". National Resources Canada. 2011-06-03. Retrieved 2011-08-19.

External linksEdit