Ongjin Line

The Ongjin Line is a partially electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea, running from Haeju on the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Ongjin.[1]

Ongjin Line
Overview
Native name옹진선(甕津線)
StatusOperational
OwnerChosen Railway (1936–1944)
Chosen Government Railway (1944–1945)
Korean National Railroad (1945–1950)
Korean State Railway (since 1945)
LocaleSouth Hwanghae
TerminiHaeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Ongjin
History
OpenedStages between 1936-1937
Technical
Line length43.5 km (27.0 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Old gauge762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
Route map

DPRK-Ongjin Line.png

Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line
-1.1 East Haeju
former Sahae Line
0.0 Haeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
1.0 Ch'ŏngyang
Closed
2.3 Haeju
Closed
(bridge appx 55 m (180 ft))
2.9 Wangsin
7.1 West Haeju
3 factories with 5 km of spur track
10.8 Sŏsŏk
Closed
(bridge appx 90 m (300 ft))
(bridge appx 65 m (213 ft))
19.3 Pyŏksŏng
22.3 Kukpong
Closed
Chayang
Closed
26.8 Changdun
34.2 Singangryŏng
(former wye)
(bridge appx 75 m (246 ft))
(bridge appx 50 m (160 ft))
37.0 Raengjŏng
Closed
(bridge appx 65 m (213 ft))
40.4 Ongjin
Ongjin Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
옹진선
Hancha
Revised RomanizationOngjin-seon
McCune–ReischauerOngjin-sŏn

HistoryEdit

Established in 1923 through the merger of six smaller railways,[2] by the mid 1930s the Chosen Railway (Chōtetsu) had become the largest privately owned railway in colonial Korea, and had built an extensive network of 762 mm (30.0 in) narrow gauge rail lines in the Hwanghae region. By the end of 1935 this Hwanghae Line network ran Sariwŏn—Samgang—Sugyo, Samgang—East Haeju—Haeju Port,[3] and Haeju—East Haeju—Tosŏng.[4]

The beginnings of what would eventually become the Ongjin Line were laid in 1931, when the line from East Haeju to Haeju Port at Ryongdangp'o was opened on 12 November of that year,[3] and on 1 July 1933, when Haeju Station was opened following the completion of the line west from East Haeju. On 11 May 1934, Sŏbyŏn Station was opened on that segment,[5] which was later renamed Tongp'o. Construction of the Ongjin Line proper began from Haeju Station, with the first section to Ch'wiya (nowadays called Pyŏksŏng) opened on 11 December 1936. In May 1937, two new stretches were opened: a short (0.7 km (0.43 mi)) section from Tongp'o to Chŏngdo on the 10th,[6] and from Ch'wiya to Ongjin on the 19th.[7]

Chōtetsu sold the Hwanghae Line network to the Chosen Government Railway on 1 April 1944, which absorbed and then split the network into separate lines, with the Haeju—Ongjin line becoming known as the Ongjin Line, and the Tongp'o—Chŏngdo line becoming the Chŏngdo Line; the East Haeju—Tongp'o—Haeju Port section was made part of the Samgang—East Haeju Sahae Line.[8]

Following the end of the Pacific War, the subsequent partition of Korea left the Ongjin Line divided between the Soviet and American zones of occupation, with the 38th parallel splitting the line near Chayang Station.[4] After the end of the Korean War the entire line was within the DPRK. After the conversion of the Sariwŏn—Haeju Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to standard gauge in 1958,[9] the Ongjin and Chŏngdo Lines were likewise regauged,[1][4] during which the East Haeju—Haeju—West Haeju line running through the middle of the city was closed. A new passenger station for Haeju, Haeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station was opened immediately adjacent to the East Haeju freight yards, along with a new line from Wangsin (formerly Tongp'o) to West Haeju. Electrification of the East Haeju—Wangsin—West Haeju section of the line was completed by April 1982.[9]

ServicesEdit

Commuter trains run on the line from West Haeju to Hakhyŏn on the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line via Haeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Changbang.[9]

RouteEdit

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance (km) Station Name Former Name
Total S2S Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Connections
0.0 0.0 Haeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn 해주청년 (海州青年) Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line via East Haeju
0.0 0.0 Haeju 해주 (海州) Closed 1958
1.0 1.0 Ch'ŏngyang 청양 (靑陽) Closed 1958
2.9 2.9 Wangsin 왕신 (王神) Tongp'o 동포 (東浦) Chŏngdo Line
7.0 4.1 West Haeju (Sŏhaeju) 서해주 (西海州) Munjŏng 문정 (文井)
10.8 3.7 Sŏsŏk 서석 (西席) Closed
19.3 8.5 Pyŏksŏng 벽성 (碧城) Ch'wiya 취야 (翠野)
22.3 3.0 Kukpong 국봉 (菊峰) Closed
Chayang 자양 (紫陽) Closed
26.8 4.5 Changdun 장둔 (長屯)
34.2 7.4 Sin'gangryŏng 신강령 (新康翎) Pup'o Line
40.1 5.9 Raengjŏng 랭정 (冷井) Closed
43.5 3.4 Ongjin 옹진 (甕津)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ Establishment of the Chosen Railway, Dong-A Ilbo, 3 September 1923 (in Korean)
  3. ^ a b 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 1492, 26 December 1931
  4. ^ a b c "百年の鉄道旅行 海州市 (100 Years of Rail Travel - Haeju City (in Japanese)". Archived from the original on 2016-09-23. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  5. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 2195, 8 May 1934
  6. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 3096, 14 May 1937
  7. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 3106, 26 May 1937
  8. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 5143, 29 March 1944
  9. ^ a b c North Korea Geographic Information: Transportation Geography - Hwanghae Chongnyon Line (in Korean)