One-third octave

A one-third octave is a logarithmic unit of frequency ratio equal to either one third of an octave (1200/3 = 400 cents: major third) or one tenth of a decade (3986.31/10 = 398.631 cents: M3 About this soundPlay ).[1] An alternative (unambiguous) term for one tenth of a decade is a decidecade.[2][3]

One octave is a factor of 2, so decades per octave, while a third would be .

DefinitionsEdit

Base 2Edit

ISO 18405:2017 defines a "one-third octave" (or "one-third octave (base 2)") as one third of an octave, corresponding to a frequency ratio of  . A one-third octave (base 2) is precisely 400 cents.

Base 10Edit

IEC 61260-1:2014 and ANSI S1.6-2016 define a "one-third octave" as one tenth of a decade, corresponding to a frequency ratio of   . This unit is referred to by ISO 18405 as a "decidecade" or "one-third octave (base 10)".

One decidecade is equal to 100 savarts (398.63 cents).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Malcolm J. Crocker, Handbook of Acoustics (1997)
  2. ^ von Benda-Beckmann, A. M., Aarts, G., Sertlek, H. Ö., Lucke, K., Verboom, W. C., Kastelein, R. A., ... & Ainslie, M. A. (2015). Assessing the impact of underwater clearance of unexploded ordnance on harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in the Southern North Sea. Aquatic Mammals, 41(4), 503.
  3. ^ ISO 18405 Underwater Acoustics - Terminology (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, 2017)