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On Our Backs was the first women-run erotica magazine and the first magazine to feature lesbian erotica for a lesbian audience in the United States. (On Our Backs is also a book written by Rosita Sweetman, which looks at sexual attitudes in 1980s Ireland.)[2]

On Our Backs
OnOurBacks logo.gif
On Our Backs Spring 1985 cover.jpg
Spring 1985 cover of On Our Backs
Editor Susie Bright (1985–1990)
Categories human sexuality, lesbian
Publisher Blush Productions
Year founded 1984
Final issue 2006[1]
Country United States
Based in San Francisco, California
ISSN 0890-2224
OCLC number 14191920

Contents

OriginEdit

The magazine was first published in 1984 by Debi Sundahl and Myrna Elana, with the contributions of Susie Bright, Nan Kinney, Leon Mostovoy, Honey Lee Cottrell, Dawn Lewis, Happy Hyder, Tee Corinne, Jewelle Gomez, Judith Stein, Joan Nestle, Patrick Califia,[3] Morgan Gwenwald, Katie Niles, Noreen Scully, Sarita Johnson, and many others. Susie Bright became editor-in-chief for the next six years. Later editors included Diane Anderson-Minshall, Shar Rednour, Tristan Taormino, and Diana Cage. On Our Backs defined the look and politics of lesbian culture for the 80s, as well as playing a definitive role in the feminist sex wars of the period, taking the side of sex-positive feminism.

The title of the magazine was a satirical reference to Off Our Backs, a long-running feminist newspaper that published the work of many anti-pornography feminists during the 1980s, and which the founders of On Our Backs considered prudish about sexuality.[4] Off Our Backs regarded the new magazine as "pseudo-feminist" and threatened legal action over the logo OOB.[5]

OperationsEdit

In 1985, Sundahl and Kinney spun off the first in a series of precedent-making lesbian erotic videos, called Fatale Video. Distribution of the magazine in Australia began in 1986.[6] By the late 1980s, Fatale Media was the largest producer of lesbian pornography in the world.[5]

In 1994, the magazine experienced financial problems[citation needed], and filed for bankruptcy in May of 1996.[7] After being bought out by a new publisher, Melissa Murphy (who released only one issue)[citation needed], it was acquired by HAF Enterprises (publisher of Girlfriends).[8] The original creators moved on to other projects[citation needed].

PublishingEdit

In 1996, a photography book based on the pioneering work of On Our Back's artists called Nothing but the Girl was published by Cassell Press, edited by Susie Bright and Jill Posener[citation needed].

End of publication and availability onlineEdit

H.A.F.'s publication of On Our Backs, and its sister publication, Girlfriends, both ceased publication in March 2006[9] after being bought out by the publishers of Velvetpark Magazine. Reveal Digital, a digital publisher, digitized issues of On Our Backs from July 1984 to December 2004, however due to concerns regarding access by minors and contributor privacy, the scans were removed (at least temporarily) from their Independent Voices collection[10].

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Riese Bernard. "NSFW Sunday: What Does a Lesbian Sex Magazine Look Like?". Autostraddle. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Rosita Sweetman (1979). On our backs: sexual attitudes in a changing Ireland. London: Pan Books. ISBN 9780330259521. 
    Book review, also by Sweetman.
  3. ^ Patrick Califia, "Raising Cane", Out, August 1999, Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 32
  4. ^ Martha Cornog, Timothy Perper, "For sex education, see librarian: a guide to issues and resources", Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 0-313-29022-9, p.97
  5. ^ a b Josh Sides, "Erotic City: Sexual Revolutions and the Making of Modern San Francisco", Oxford University Press US, 2009, ISBN 0-19-537781-8, p.219
  6. ^ Jill Julius Matthews, "Sex in public: Australian sexual cultures", Allen & Unwin, 1997, ISBN 1-86448-049-1, pp.121-122
  7. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (1996-12-23). "Lesbian publications struggle for survival in a market dominated by gay males". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-03-23. 
  8. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (1996-12-23). "Lesbian publications struggle for survival in a market dominated by gay males". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-03-23. 
  9. ^ "Marketplace finds lesbians an attractive, but elusive, niche". SF Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. September 7, 2006. 
  10. ^ "Statement about On Our Backs" (PDF). Reveal Digital. 2016-08-24. Retrieved 2018-03-23. 

Further readingEdit

  • Stark, Christine (2004), "Resisting the sexual new world order: Girls to boyz: sex radical women, promoting prostitution, pornography, and sadomasochism", in Whisnant, Rebecca; Stark, Christine, Not for sale: feminists resisting prostitution and pornography, North Melbourne, Victoria: Spinifex Press, pp. 287–288, ISBN 9781876756499.  Preview.
  • Garber, Linda (2000), "Periodicals: The 1980s (On Our Backs)", in Zimmerman, Bonnie, Lesbian histories and cultures: encyclopedia of lesbian and gay histories and cultures, volume 1, Encyclopedias of Contemporary Culture Series, New York: Routledge, p. 582, ISBN 9780815319207.  Preview.

External linksEdit

  • Digitized archive of On Our Backs at Reveal Digital (starting with issue 1, Summer 1984)