Olmeca is a genus of Mesoamerican bamboo in the grass family.[1][2]

Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Guaduinae
Genus: Olmeca
Soderstr. 1982
Type species
Olmeca reflexa

Olmeca is the only known New World bamboo having large fleshy fruits. It also has rhizomes with long necks and very open clumps.[3]

The genus is named for the Olmec peoples of southern Mexico, who thrived in southern Mexico in the first millennium BCE.[2][4]



  1. ^ a b Tropicos, Olmeca Soderstr.
  2. ^ a b Soderstrom, Thomas Robert. 1982. Phytologia 51(2): 161.
  3. ^ Soderstrom, Thomas Robert. 1981. American Journal of Botany 68: 1361-1373
  4. ^ Diehl, Richard (2004). The Olmecs: America's First Civilization. Ancient peoples and places series. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-02119-8. OCLC 56746987.
  5. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  6. ^ Ruiz-Sanchez, Eduardo, Sosa, Victoria, & Mejía-Saules, M. Teresa. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics of the Mesoamerican bamboo Olmeca (Poaceae, Bambuseae): Implications for taxonomy. Taxon 60(1): 89–98.
  7. ^ Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contributions from the United States National Herbarium vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone (eds.), Internet Catalogue of New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis