Olivier Zahm

Olivier Zahm (born 25 September 1963) is a French magazine editor, art critic, art director, curator, writer, and photographer[1][2][3] He is the co-founder, owner, and current editor-in-chief of the bi-annual art and fashion magazine Purple.[4] In addition to his innovative print publishing, he is a recognized pioneering cultural influence at the dawn of the electronic era during the Digital Revolution. His early blogs[5] garnered notoriety, and featured highly stylized photographs taken by him, that took his audience on daily tours of his fantasyland populated by the artists, intellectuals, designers, filmmakers, socialites, models and celebrities who regularly appeared in his magazine.[6][7][8] His aesthetic has been described as anti-fashion, counterculture, and unfettered by the constraints of the mainstream publishing world.[9] His online activity served as an early electronic precursor to popular social media platforms like Facebook and Instagram. His magazine remains one of the only independent and privately owned publications of its kind.[10] Created in the beginning of the 1990s – it still remains a major reference for other alternative magazines today.[11][12]

Olivier Zahm
Born (1963-09-25) 25 September 1963 (age 57)
Paris, France
NationalityFrench
EducationUniversité Panthéon-Sorbonne
OccupationMagazine editor, photographer, art critic, writer, fashion journalist
Years active1985–present
Known forEditor-in-chief and co-founder of Purple Magazine
Websitepurple.fr

Early life and educationEdit

 
Zahm pictured in 1979 in Paris

Olivier Zahm was born and raised in Paris, France.[13] He was the eldest of three children born to two university professors. His parents, who were both students at the time of his birth, raised Zahm and his other siblings in student quarters that were designed by Charlotte Perriand and Jean Prouvé, located at Résidence Universitaire Jean-Zay in Antony.[14] Much of his early childhood was spent in academic settings, particularly- during the volatile period of civil unrest in France that broke out in May 1968.[15] The protests reached such a point that political leaders feared civil war or revolution. The unrest began with a series of student occupation protests against capitalism, consumerism, American imperialism, and traditional institutions, values and order. Many of the new and radical ideas surrounding Zahm, immersing his youth in tumultuous generational discord, stayed with him, shaping his views on art, philosophical ideas and lifestyle choices. He leveraged his profound formative experience using it as a tool to build aspects and themes that remain prevalent in his personal and professional life in adulthood. He told The New York Times in 2010 that he, "remembers summers spent vacationing in the South of France with his parents in a community of like minded free spirits"[16] – who he labeled hippies. It was the 1970s, the decade of sex revolution and Zahm's parents were committed to free love, nudism and polyamourous relationships. "My parents had a lot of lovers, they had a lot of affairs. At the time, my parents were really part of this alternative movement in Paris but quite bourgeois too. It wasn't San Francisco or New York. It was the French way[17]." Zahm's love of magazines began when he was a teenager in the Paris suburbs. "We used to steal porn magazines in the bookstores and shops and look at them during school," he says. "It was fun and secret. This is where my obsession for magazines comes from. Magazines used to reveal and give us access to sex, fashion, music and art. TV never did that, and books are mostly academic. Magazines were a symbol of freedom."[18] He studied philosophy, history, semiotics and literature at the Sorbonne.[19] His father, Claude, taught philosophy, and Zahm was on track to do the same, before realizing, at 25, that he preferred life outside "la tour d’ ivoire."[20] Zahm's youngest sister committed suicide in 1994 at the age of 20.[21]

CareerEdit

Before entering the world of fashion, Zahm worked as an art critic with widespread recognition for his work as a curator as well as his participation in over 150 exhibitions featuring international contemporary art.[22] In responding to the superficial glamour of the 1980s, Zahm co-founded Purple Prose magazine.[23] In the introduction of Purple Anthology, Zahm shares why he chose to create Purple Prose:[24][25]

"We launched Purple Prose in the early 1990s without any means, and without any experience, because we wanted to make a magazine that was radically different. We wanted to support the artists around us that no one else supported, much less talked about. It would be a form of opposition of our own".[26][27]

Art critic and curator (1985–1994)Edit

During the beginning of the 80s Zahm started to observe and take an interest in the art world. He liked the notion of "being everywhere and on the move", following art fairs, meeting artists, educating himself in the universe of contemporary art while immersing himself into its social landscape. Zahm's gift of being a charismatic intellectual and having an eye for contemporary art made itself apparent early on. He found himself penning for the three leading art titles at the time Art Forum, Art Flash, Texte zur Kunst and Art presse and introduced a then unknown Jeff Koons, Martin Kippenberger, and Larry Clark to the European art world. He started traveling to the United States and Japan, realizing he could set up his own operation and work agenda, 24/7. He told I-D magazine in 2010:

 
Jan Van Osst, Sans Titre, 1993 at L'Hiver De L'amour in Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville Paris curated by Zahm

"Freedom for me came from the art world because it was a place where I could meet the artists. I wanted to be a social critic. I was more interested in the category of intellectual, involving art and politics and writing sometimes. But I didn't want to be a writer necessarily, I just wanted to be part of an intellectual world."[28]

In 1989, while working at Artforum, Elien Fleiss, then a young gallery curator received a phone call from Zahm. She was looking for an art critic to write a manifesto against a journalist from a daily newspaper who she felt was writing insanities about contemporary art in general. Zahm agreed to do it, and that was the beginning of the encounter, which then became a love story. Their romance was short-lived, but their professional relationship was fruitful.[29] In 1994, they curated "The Winter of Love,"[30] a hit show for the Museum of Modern Art in Paris that they later took to P.S. 1 in New York City. Over the next decade they continued to curate several shows together around the world, including "June" in 1993 at the Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac in Paris,"BEIGE" in 1996 at Saga Basement in Copenhagan and "La Voie Lactée" in 1998 at Alleged Gallery in New York City. These housed the likes of many renowned creatives across disciplines, including Maurizio Cattelan, Wolfgang Tillmans, Jean-Luc Vilmouth, and Claude Closky. Notably in 2000, Zahm and Fleiss curated the exposition "Elysian Fields" at the Centre Pompidou in Paris and printed a subsequent catalogue publication under the same name, displaying works from the likes of Gerard Richter and Richard Prince to Rei Kawakubo and Andrea Zittel — artists that have continued to collaborate with Zahm in exhibitions and within Purple's magazine publications.[31][32][33][34]

More recent shows included "La Force de L'Art" in 2006 at Le Grand Palais in Paris, and "To Paint is to Love Again" at Los Angeles gallery Nino Meier, addressing the state of art in the digital age with works from prominent artists like Urs Fischer, Vanessa Beecroft and Paul McCarthy. His countless exhibitions have embodied the same vision as the rest of his creative pursuits, comprehending art in a radically cultural, counter-institutional context.[35][36]

In May 2017, Zahm published a book in collaboration with Donation Grau titled,' Une avant-garde sans avant-garde'.[37][38]The book is a collection of Zahm's most significant texts written during the last 30 years. It is above all a radical reading of art from the 1990s to the present. The anthology tries to decipher this chaotic, contradictory, oppressive, and ultra-creative period. The introductions that precede each chapter contextualize the selected texts, and develop the idea that the 1990s invented an avant-garde without an avant-garde, the issues of which are increasing and intensifying.[39][40][41][42][43]

PurpleEdit

Early day's of Purple (1992–2004)Edit

Zahm gravitated towards the idea of working with magazines from the conception of his career in art. In 1992 Zahm and his partner Elien Fleiss printed the first issue of Purple Prose, a Parisian literary art zine.[44][45] Their goal was to create a new kind of space for artists to present their work and express their ideas; and to design a network through which people working in different disciplines, could easily access new information and each other and contributing to the early 90s alternative indie culture.[46][47] Zahm liked the idea of a color sharing the title with an art magazine. Dike Blair an American artist suggested the title Purple Prose in reference to the literary term in which a prose text is so extravagant, ornate, or flowery that it breaks the flow and draws excessive attention to itself.[48] Soon after the birth of Purple Prose, Zahm created spin-off publications like Purple Sexe, Purple Fiction and Purple Fashion. Zahm aimed at fusing together his two worlds, fashion and art, in creating Purple Fashion.[49] A typical issue featured interviews, articles and presentations covering a wide range of topics and disciplines which include; film and video, politics, fashion, architecture, sexuality, science, photography and music. Each issue was built around a loose theme which serves to create a link between subjects-past examples have been: Indian Summer, Violet Violence, Post-Sex. With its international correspondents and cutting-edge design, Purple Prose had the distinctive feel of a truly global art zine. The texts were written in roughly equal parts French and English, without translations.[50][8][24]

For many years the magazine was associated with a realist esthetic, that of the new photography of the early 1990s- of photographers like Juergen Teller, Terry Richardson, Wolfgang Tillmans, and Mario Sorrenti. From a visual standpoint, the magazine represented a break from 80s imagery (like Richard Avedon’s photography for Versace, for example.)[24][51] From an artistic standpoint, the artists from the early 1990s were raising up against art as a capitalist fetish; they were aligning themselves with the artistic social and political practices of the 1970s-- those of performance, video art, Fluxus, and the conceptual and minimalist avant-garde. The magazine was an integral part of this burgeoning context, which included the deconstruction of fashion by Martin Margiela[52] and Comme des Garçsons;[53] the return of subtle political art, with that of Felix Gonzalez- Torres, Maurizio Cattelan, and Philippe Parreno, among others; photography of Juergen Teller; and Harmony Korine and Larry Clark’s independent filmmaking.[54][55]

Purple Magazine (2017–present)Edit

For its 25th anniversary issue,[56] Purple celebrated the artists and models who incarnated the spirit of the magazine through their style, attitude, and personality: Cindy Sherman, Wolfgang Tillmans, Chloe Savigny, Richard Prince, Paul McCarthy, Susan Cianciolo , Maurizio Cattelan, and more.[57][58][59] It was the first time the magazine printed multiple covers for one issue. 25 different covers showed 25 Purple icons.[60][61] It was also the first time purple distributed hard-cover magazines instead of the traditional soft-cover print.[62][63] He described in the editions Edito:

“It’s been years now that younger generations don’t use magazines to express themselves — at least not the way we did back in 1992. Social media now generally satisfy the need for images, contacts, and creativity. Publishing a magazine has become so expensive… An actual print object like Purple is a luxury item, which is why new alternative magazines don’t last more than a few years, are often bought, or simply disappear. Doing a luxury magazine today is one of the paradoxes of the Instagram era, when such things cost nothing… A magazine is not an ego trip… It’s a collective work by a group of creative people who believe in the artistic value of the print media and share a similar vision. (Thanks to all of them!) Every image, every single text, the choice of paper, the layout, even the choice of typefaces matters. Everything matters… Purple is made to last. Purple is made to capture a moment every season… In this period of global Internet obsession and digital amnesia, I think that means something[60]"

In 2017 Purple moved their US based headquarters and offices from New York City to Los Angeles.[64][65]

Freelance editorEdit

In the year 2000, Serge July, the founder and editor-in-chief of French national newspaper Libération hired Olivier Zahm to launch Liberation Style,[66][67] an occasional Saturday supplement to the main paper. 15 issues were published every season until 2005.

  • Issue 1: Le Retour Paris
  • Issue 2: Personnalité Multiple
  • Issue 3: Plein Soleil
  • Issue 4: L’empire des Signes
  • Issue 5: Glamour
  • Issue 6: Special Creation
  • Issue 7: L’autre Amérique
  • Issue 8: La nuit
  • Issue 9: Femmes
  • Issue 10: Tokyo
  • Issue 11: Milan
  • Issue 12: Les Années Fatales
  • Issue 13: Best of L’ete 2005
  • Issue 14: Special Hommes
  • Issue 15: Mystere Karl

[68][69]

In 2009 Chanel launched its very first magazine: 31 Rue Cambon. Chanel's goal was to combine sales and information. Karl Lagerfeld delegated the artistic direction of the magazine which was not available to the public, but instead only the private cliental of Chanel to Zahm[70][71][72]

In 2018 Zahm designed a fanzine for Gucci’s FW2019 collection presented at Le Palace in Paris. The magazine was the 14th issue of Le Palace Magazine.[73][74]

PhotographyEdit

Zahm credited Lagerfeld for reigniting his sentiment for taking photos in 2005. Zahm told WWD in an interview dedicated to Purple's 25th Anniversary:[63]

"He (Lagerfeld) was buying these little digital cameras at the time, Sony Cyber-shots, a little pocket-size, flat, digital camera. He had a pile of them on his table and said: “Take this, if you’ll use it.” We had this long discussion about photography and I said, “Karl how can you want to be a photographer when you were friends with Helmut Newton because, me, I have Juergen Teller in my generation and I haven't been able to do photography since I’ve known him, because he's the best." And he said: “Olivier, shut up. You don’t understand, photography is not about getting the right picture, it’s about documenting your everyday life. Remember Warhol, do you think he was a good photographer? He always had a camera on him. Do like Warhol, do like me: Don’t let a day go by without taking a picture.”[63]

In 2009, he began documenting his late-night partying escapades in high-contrast black-and-white photographs which appeared on Purple Diary,[75] a notorious photo blog that would become the seed for a full Purple website. He has had shows of his photographic work at Half Gallery in New York, Colette in Paris, Leadapron in Los Angeles and The Last Gallery in Tokyo.[76][77][78][79]

In addition to documenting his personal life on social media platform he continues to shoot many editorials and campaigns for various brands including Yves Saint Laurent, Chanel, Giorgio Armani, Uniqlo, Agent Provocateur, and magazines including Lui, Vogue Russia, and Kadewe among others.[80][81][82][83]

In 2014, Zahm partnered with Rizzoli published O.Z. Diary, a cosmopolitan 500-page photo diary exposing the lifestyles of the creative elite through a series of intimate, autobiographical photographs. Glenn O'Brien contributed various texts for the book.[84][85][86]

Personal lifeEdit

Zahm has a son, Balthus, with designer Natacha Ramsay-Levi,[87][88][89] and a daughter, Asia, with writer Anna Dubosc. He splits his time between Los Angeles and Paris.[90][91]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Morgan, Spencer. "Publisher in the Warhol Mold". Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  2. ^ Swanson, Carl. "A French Fashion Editor on the Difference Between Paris, New York, and L.A." The Cut. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Purple Diary". Purple. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Olivier Zahm, dandy à louer". Le Monde.fr (in French). Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Purple Diary". Purple. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  6. ^ "The Man and the Brand: Olivier Zahm – Interview Magazine". Interview. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Purple Night". Purple. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  8. ^ a b "purple reign: #tbt to 2010, when i-D met olivier zahm". I-d. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Olivier Zahm | Semi Permanent". Semi Permanent. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Olivier Zahm: Le Provocateur". PAPER. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Purple's Editor-In-Chief Olivier Zahm accuses Muse Magazine of Shameless Copying!". by Styling Amsterdam. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Olivier Zahm Accuses Muse Magazine of Copying Purple". The Cut. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Olivier Zahmis One of the 500 People Shaping the Global Fashion Industry". The Business of Fashion. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  14. ^ "purple reign: #tbt to 2010, when i-D met olivier zahm". I-d. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  15. ^ "purple reign: #tbt to 2010, when i-D met olivier zahm". I-d. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  16. ^ Morgan, Spencer. "Publisher in the Warhol Mold". Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  17. ^ "purple reign: #tbt to 2010, when i-D met olivier zahm". I-d. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Riding Around Paris With Olivier Zahm, Fashion's Most Libidinal Editor". The Cut. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  19. ^ Match, Paris. "Olivier Zahm, l'anar chic" (in French). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  20. ^ "Riding Around Paris With Olivier Zahm, Fashion's Most Libidinal Editor". The Cut. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Riding Around Paris With Olivier Zahm, Fashion's Most Libidinal Editor". The Cut. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Purple Prose , #2". Magpile. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  23. ^ "Purple Prose magazine on Magpile". magpile.com. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  24. ^ a b c "Purple Anthology: Art Prose Fashion Music Architecture Sex". Rizzoli New York. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  25. ^ "Purple Anthology – Purple Magazine". Purple. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  26. ^ Zahm, Olivier; Fleiss, Elein (2008). Purple Anthology. New York City: Rizzoli. pp. introduction. ISBN 978-0-8478-3020-6.
  27. ^ Zahm, Olivier; Fleiss, Elein, eds. (27 May 2008). Purple Anthology: Art Prose Fashion Music Architecture Sex. New York: Rizzoli. ISBN 9780847830206.
  28. ^ "purple reign: #tbt to 2010, when i-D met olivier zahm". I-d. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  29. ^ Morgan, Spencer. "Publisher in the Warhol Mold". Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  30. ^ https://www.moma.org/calendar/exhibitions/4589
  31. ^ "The Winter of Love (L'Hiver de l'Amour) | MoMA". www.moma.org. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  32. ^ "PressReader.com – Connecting People Through News". pressreader.com. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  33. ^ "dashwoodbooks.com". dashwoodbooks.com. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  34. ^ "frieze.com". frieze.com. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  35. ^ "Perrotin.com/artists". www.perrotin.com. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  36. ^ "Mier Gallery". miergallery.com. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  37. ^ "Olivier Zahm: Une avant-garde sans avant-garde – Les presses du réel (livre)". lespressesdureel.com. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  38. ^ "sans dieu ni maitre, petite leçon d'avant-gardisme par olivier zahm". I-d (in French). 25 April 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  39. ^ "Olivier Zahm: Une avant-garde sans avant-garde – Les presses du réel (livre)". lespressesdureel.com. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  40. ^ recherche, résultats de; Grau, Donatien (1 March 2017). Une avant-garde sans avant-garde. Dijon; Zurich: Les Presses du réel. ISBN 9782840665441.
  41. ^ "Olivier Zahm - Une avant-garde sans avant-garde". jrp-ringier. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  42. ^ "Une avant-garde sans avant-garde Essai sur l'art – broché – Olivier Zahm – Achat Livre | fnac". livre.fnac.com (in French). Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  43. ^ "Olivier Zahm's new book "Une avant-garde sans avant-garde" co-edited with Donatien Grau is available now to pre-order! – Purple Diary". Purple. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  44. ^ "Les Chroniques Purple – Ravelin Magazine". Ravelin Magazine. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  45. ^ "Purple Prose Magazine Issue No. 1 1992 Olivier Zahm, Elein Fleiss *Rare*". eBay. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  46. ^ "The colour purple". The Independent. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  47. ^ "Olivier Zahm's Cocktail of Intellect, Sex and the Seventies". The Business of Fashion. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  48. ^ Swanson, Carl. "A French Fashion Editor on the Difference Between Paris, New York, and L.A." The Cut. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  49. ^ "Purple Prose , #1". Magpile. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  50. ^ "Purple Prose". adaweb.walkerart.org. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  51. ^ Hruska, Jordan. "Fine Print | 'The Purple Anthology'". T Magazine. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  52. ^ "Retrospective Maison Martin Margiela – Purple Magazine". Purple. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  53. ^ "Rei Kawakubo – Purple Magazine". Purple. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  54. ^ "Harmony Korine – Purple Magazine". Purple. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  55. ^ "Larry Clark – Purple Magazine". Purple. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  56. ^ Swanson, Carl. "A French Fashion Editor on the Difference Between Paris, New York, and L.A." The Cut. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  57. ^ "Photos: Purple Magazine's 25th Anniversary Party at Top of The Standard". Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  58. ^ "Purple 25 Years 25 covers – Purple Magazine". Purple. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  59. ^ "Purple Magazine Celebrates Its 25th Anniversary With Ralph Lauren in Paris". Vogue. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  60. ^ a b "Purple 25th Anniversary Issue Is Out Now! – Purple Diary". Purple. 5 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  61. ^ "Purple 25th anniversary party with Zadig & Voltaire, New York". Zadig&Voltaire (in French). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  62. ^ Templeton, Lily (26 September 2017). "Purple Magazine Celebrates 25th Anniversary, Founder's Birthday". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  63. ^ a b c Foreman, Katya (5 September 2017). "Purple Reign". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  64. ^ Foreman, Katya (30 August 2018). "Purple's L.A. Times". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  65. ^ Jon (28 March 2013). "Milk Los Angeles – The Purple Magazine Party | Milk". Milk. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  66. ^ "Liberation Style". ideanow.online. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  67. ^ Match, Paris. "Olivier Zahm, l'anar chic" (in French). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  68. ^ "Olivier ZAHM". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  69. ^ annaka (11 May 2016). "The Sisterhood | Photography Anette Aurell | i-D Magazine | December 2001/January 2002". Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  70. ^ "31 Rue Cambon : le magazine Chanel – Tendances de Mode". tendances-de-mode.com (in French). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  71. ^ "The New Chanel Magazine, 31 Rue Cambon, issue No. 3 – Purple Diary". Purple. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  72. ^ "Olivier Zahm Made A 'Corporate Mag' for Chanel". ELLE. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  73. ^ "A new issue of Le Palace's fanzine celebrating Gucci Spring Summer 2019 show by Alessandro Michele, with Purple's Olivier Zahm and photos by Martin Parr". gucci.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  74. ^ "Gucci Caps Off Its Paris Takeover by Releasing a New Issue of the Cult Fanzine, Le Palace". Vogue. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  75. ^ Jones, Justin (9 September 2014). "Fashion's Naughtiest Photographer, Olivier Zahm". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  76. ^ "Purple's Olivier Zahm Launches A Photo Exhibit in L.A." Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  77. ^ "Olivier Zahm 'Purple Diary' Exhibition @ colette". HYPEBEAST. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  78. ^ ""The Secrets of Photographing Women", l'expo Olivier Zahm". JSBG.me (in French). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  79. ^ "Olivier Zahm | Semi Permanent". Semi Permanent. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  80. ^ "Olivier Zahm Archives – Portraits Of Girls". Portraits Of Girls. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  81. ^ "Olivier Zahm, l'art du présent". FIGARO (in French). 3 March 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  82. ^ "Hedy vue par… Olivier Zahm". LUI (in French). 21 September 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  83. ^ "Olivier Zahm – Photographer". models.com. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  84. ^ "O.Z.: Olivier Zahm: Diary". Rizzoli New York. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  85. ^ Marc Jacobs (17 October 2014), O.Z.: Olivier Zahm: Diary, retrieved 26 September 2018
  86. ^ "OZ Diary. A photographic diary of Fashion, Art and Sex by Olivier Zahm – Onetshirt". onetshirt.eu. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  87. ^ Leaper, Caroline (10 March 2017). "Who is Natacha Ramsay-Levi? Meet the Paris It-girl who has just been named creative director at Chloé". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  88. ^ "The New Chloé Girl". Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  89. ^ "Olivier Zahm's Girlfriend Dumped Him and He Blogged About It". The Cut. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  90. ^ "Riding Around Paris With Olivier Zahm, Fashion's Most Libidinal Editor". The Cut. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  91. ^ "Olivier Zahmis One of the 500 People Shaping the Global Fashion Industry". The Business of Fashion. Retrieved 24 September 2018.

External linksEdit