Old Plantation Flats Light

The Old Plantation Flats Light was a lighthouse located in the Chesapeake Bay marking the channel to Cape Charles, Virginia.

Old Plantation Flats Light
Old plantation flats light.PNG
Undated photograph of Old Plantation Flats Light (USCG)
LocationIn the Chesapeake Bay west of Cape Charles, Virginia
Coordinates37°13′44″N 76°02′49″W / 37.2288°N 76.0469°W / 37.2288; -76.0469
replica at 37°14′39″N 76°01′04″W / 37.2441°N 76.0179°W / 37.2441; -76.0179
Constructed1962 Edit this on Wikidata
Foundationscrew-pile
Constructioncast-iron/wood/concrete
Tower height35 ft
Tower shapesquare house
First lit1886
Deactivated1962
Focal height6 m (20 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Lensfifth-order Fresnel lens
Range11 mi
CharacteristicFlashing 4 sec
Admiralty no.J1552 Edit this on Wikidata
ARLHS no.USA566 Edit this on Wikidata
USCG no.2-21435 Edit this on Wikidata

HistoryEdit

Old Plantation Flats is a shoal paralleling the Eastern Shore near the mouth of the bay, taking its name from Old Plantation Creek which empties into the bay near the center of the shoal. A square screw-pile light was erected on the shoal in 1886. It was constantly plagued by ice floes, with the original lens being destroyed in 1893, and more substantial damage done in 1918. After the latter the piles were reinforced with concrete and surrounded with rip-rap. The resulting structure was unlike any other in the bay.

In the 1890s the Pennsylvania Railroad established Cape Charles, Virginia as the southern terminus of its Eastern Shore rail system. The Corps of Engineers dredged out a lagoon and created a channel running across the flats, with the light serving to mark its entrance. This channel allowed the railroad to connect to points west through car float operations.

In 1962 the house was removed from the light and replaced with the usual skeleton tower. However, in 2004 a replica was constructed as part of the Bay Creek Resort and Club being built south of Cape Charles. This replica includes a 1940s-era fog bell taken from a retired buoy and a new fourth-order lens, the first constructed in eighty years. Another half size replica sits astride a golf cart causeway, forming a sort of covered bridge.

ReferencesEdit

  • "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Virginia" (PDF). United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
  • Old Plantation Flats Light, from the Chesapeake Chapter of the United States Lighthouse Society
  • de Gast, Robert (1973). The Lighthouses of the Chesapeake. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 170.
  • "Old Plantation Flats Light Station Replica". Bay Creek Resort & Club.
  • Thomas, William G. III; Brooks Miles Barnes; Tom Szuba (31 July 2007). "The Countryside Transformed: The Eastern Shore of Virginia, the Pennsylvania Railroad, and the Creation of a Modern Landscape". Southern Spaces. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 2007-11-11.