Old Montenegro (Serbian: Стара Црна Гора, romanizedStara Crna Gora),[1][2][3] also known as Montenegro proper (Serbian: Права Црна Гора, romanizedPrava Crna Gora),[4][5] or True Montenegro (Serbian: Истинска Црна Гора, romanizedIstinska Crna Gora),[6][7] is a term used for the embryonic part of modern Montenegro. In historical context, the term designates the original territory of the Principality of Montenegro, before the territorial expansion, ratified by the Congress of Berlin in 1878, or even more precisely - the territory of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro prior to its unification with the region of Brda in the first half of the 19th century.[8][4]

Regions of Old Montenegro and the Highlands (Brda) tribes in 1862.
Expansion of Montenegro: the region of Old Montenegro represented in the darkest shade (18th century)
Historical map of the Old Montenegro region, and its divisions
Coronelli Map of the Skadar Lake region, including the Old Montenegro (1690)

During the Ottoman period, from the 16th up to the 18th century, the original (proper) Montenegro was made up of the Montenegrin tribes (Serbian: црногорска племена), traditionally divided into four territorial units, or nahije: Katun, Rijeka, Lješanska nahija and Crmnica. Their inhabitants were known under the regional demonym Montenegrins (Serbian: Црногорци), as opposed to the inhabitants of neighboring regions (Brđani, Hercegovci and Primorci). Since the end of the 18th century, Montenegro started to expand, incorporating the region of Brda in the first half of the 19th century, the region of Old Herzegovina and part of Primorje in 1878, and finally upper and central Polimlje and northern Metohija in 1912.[9]

Tribes Edit

Tribes, divided by nahija. historically, there are four nahijas in the Old Montenegro region, further divided by local tribes (clans);

See also Edit

Anthropology Edit

A number of toponyms and names of clans in Old Montenegro are originally derived from Albanian onomastics, such as Gjin, Gjon, Progon, Lesh, Mal and others, with some of them being: Đinov Do village in Cuce, Đinovo Brdo in Cetinje, Đinova Glavica in Pješivci, the village of Đinovići in Kosijeri, the Đonovići brotherhood in Brčeli of Crmnica, Lješanska nahija, along with its villages Liješnje, Štitari, Goljemadi and Progonovići, the village of Lješev Stup and the toponym Malošin do in Bjelice, the village of Arbanas in Ceklin.[10][11]

References Edit

  1. ^ Ердељановић 1926.
  2. ^ Радусиновић 1985a.
  3. ^ Радусиновић 1985b.
  4. ^ a b Banac 1992, p. 271.
  5. ^ Fleming 2002, p. 56.
  6. ^ Brown 1954, p. 101.
  7. ^ Bećković 2005, p. 53.
  8. ^ Denton 1877, p. 52.
  9. ^ Ćirković 2004.
  10. ^ Popović, Marija; Malja-Imami, Nailje R. (2021). "Albanizmi u srpskim i makedonskim govorima". Društvene & humanističke nauke. State University of Novi Pazar. 4: 96-97.
  11. ^ Gashi, Skënder (2014). Albanian names in the 13th-15th century in light of Serbian church resources. TENDA. p. 44-45.

Sources Edit