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The Hemp Factory (Greek: Κανναβουργείο)[1][2] of Edessa, Greece, was an industrial unit focused on the creation of ropes from Indian hemp twine. It was the largest of the four hemp factories in Greece, in production and facilities. It is also a unit of the Water Museum of Edessa,[3] where it is placed at the site "Megalos Kremnos" next to the traditional quarter of the city and the well-known Park of Waterfalls. It operated as a factory until 1967, and then it was abandoned. Later in 1997, the factory turned into a Recreation and Education Center, where it continues to operate until 2014, when it is finally closed.

Hemp Factory of Edessa
The complex in 2017 after the closure of the multiroom.
Former namesLocal Hemp Association
General information
StatusΙndestructible
TypeFactory
Architectural style"Industrial European"
LocationEdessa
CountryGreece
Coordinates40°48′8″N 22°3′20″E / 40.80222°N 22.05556°E / 40.80222; 22.05556
Elevation202
Construction started1908
Completed1911
Opened1912
Renovated1997
Cost11.000.000 drachmas
OwnerMunicipality of Edessa
Height4 metres (13 ft)
Technical details
Floor count2
Design and construction
ArchitectIason Rizos
Awards and prizes"National Monument Awards 1997"
Other information
ParkingNon
Website
kannavourgio.gr

EstablishmentEdit

The founding of the company was made in 1908 by the company Totskas and Co.[4] and other smaller shareholders from Thessaloniki, who wanted to develop the textile industry in Greece. The choice of location where the factory was built was because Edessa's wider area was abundant in waterfalls where it would help to operate the engines as they were supported by waterworks. Its address was assigned to the experienced industrialist Iraklis Hatzidimoula[4]

Acne 1928-1950Edit

 
The main building where ropes been created.

The full edge[4] of the factory is placed in the period 1928 - 1940, during which it employs 150 workers (mainly from Edessa). Particularly during the interwar period, the factory covered the demand for fabrics and twine all over Greece. Coarse ropes went to Crete (the largest consumption center), to Thessaly and Epirus, while the thin ropes in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace. However, there was a stagnation in the distribution of products between October and March.

Decline 1952-1966Edit

The loss of aquaculture acquis, the amount of debts to banks, shareholders' disputes, and government led to bankruptcy and closure of the factory in May 1966.[4] The 100 workers of the Hemp Factory founded the "Production Cooperative Pella" and undertake its management. Later in 1967, the management committee asked I.S.R.S (Industrial Safety Regulation Staff) a loan to continue the factory operation, but in vain. The factory closed and the state became the owner.[4]

Factory ComplexEdit

 
The outdoor elevators as seen from the level of the main building.

Pre-existing InfrastructuresEdit

  • Two-storey building for packaging and shipping the product.
  • The storage building of the raw material.
  • Station of water course for moving the engines.
  • Single-story building of the product.
  • The building of the machine shop and the boiler room.
  • Two outposts (one at the entrance to the factory and the other on the north side).
  • Two-storey building with offices and sanitary facilities.[2]

Subsequent Infrastructures (Renovation of 1997)Edit

  • 2 Outdoor Lifts (from the top of the clif behind the complex)
  • Path along the cliff
  • Recreation Center
  • Information Building[5]

Educational and Entertainment UseEdit

Start of Operation 1997Edit

At the end of 1990, after 40 years of abandonment, the complex was partially renovated by the municipality of Edessa where in 1997 a restaurant and leisure center served by a double lift along the cliff was constructed. Later, the Hemp Factory became part of the "Mill Rehabilitation Program" for the complete upgrading and refurbishment of the surrounding area.[6]

The program included:[7]

  • Remodeling of the Industrial complex
  • Reconstruction of old Machine site and Shelters
  • Establishment of Industrial Museum.
  • Construction of 2 outdoor lifts to facilitate access
  • Construction of sites for recreational and cultural use.

Upon completion of the rehabilitation, the site is re-opened as a Culture and Event site, focusing on highlighting the history of the factory. It has also been incorporated as a new section of the Edessa Water Museum.

Shut down in 2014-todayEdit

After 17 years of continuous operation the center closes and the complex is deserted. The cost of reopening is high as debt and maintenance costs are high. Lifts have been deactivated since the end of 2013 to cut spending, which has subsequently proved to be fatal as it has reduced tourist traffic even further. There was an attempt to reopen in 2015 but unfortunately it did not favor. The complex was finally closed in December 2014 and its new owner is the Municipality of Edessa. Unfortunately, the site was not properly guarded and suffered huge damage.[7]

New Hemp FactoryEdit

The "New hemp factory" is the definition that refers to the complete reconstruction of the complex and the official establishment of the Edessa Industrial Museum. At the end of June 2018, the Hemp Factory and the surrounding area were integrated with the resources of the C.A.D.F. (Corporate Agreement for the Development Framework), so that it can be reopened and used as an event hall, while at the same time there will be an Industrial Museum where its equipment will be demonstrably functioning. There will also be a recreation area and a complete remodeling of the lifts and the surrounding buildings for the benefit of culture.[8][9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Old Hemp of Edessa (Artspace Culture & Industrial Museum)". youingreece.com. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  2. ^ a b User, Super. "Βιομηχανικό Μουσείο - Πολυχώρος Κανναβουργείου". kannavourgio.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-23.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Edessa - Open Air Water Museum - EcoMuseum - Υπαίθριο Μουσείο Νερού Έδεσσας". www.edessacity.gr. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  4. ^ a b c d e Factories, in Edessa (1997). "Factories of Edessa" (PDF). Archaiologia Elladas: 11.
  5. ^ "ΛΕΙΤΟΥΡΓΙΚΗ ΑΝΑΒΑΘΜΙΣΗ ΣΤΟ ΚΑΝΝΑΒΟΥΡΕΙΟ ΕΔΕΣΣΑΣ". Edessaika.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  6. ^ "Αρχική σελίδα - Πολυχώρος Κανναβουργείου". kannavourgio.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  7. ^ a b "Η βιομηχανική ιστορία της Έδεσσας "ζωντανεύει" στην περιοχή των Μύλων (ΦΩΤΟ)". www.typosthes.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  8. ^ "ΑΝΑΒΑΘΜΙΖΕΤΑΙ ΤΟ ΚΑΝΝΑΒΟΥΡΓΕΙΟ ΈΔΕΣΣΑΣ ΓΙΑ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΚΑΙ ΤΟΥΡΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΧΡΗΣΗ ΜΕ ΧΡΗΜΑΤΟΔΟΤΗΣΗ ΑΠΟ ΤΟ ΥΠΟΥΡΓΕΙΟ ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΑΣ | TASTV.gr | Τα νέα της Πέλλας LIVE". www.tastv.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  9. ^ "Διέξοδος για δώδεκα κτίρια - φαντάσματα, του Γιώργου Λιάλιου | Kathimerini" (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-23.