Olaf Haraldsen (died c. 1143) was a Danish anti-king who ruled Scania for a few years from 1139. He never won control over the rest of Denmark, and he is not included in the list of Danish monarchs used by the Danish monarchy or Den Store Danske Encyklopædi. He is sometimes called "Olaf II" even though there was a later Olaf II of Denmark.
He was the son of Harald Kesja and thus nephew of King Eric II of Denmark. He seems to have been the only who escaped Eric II's murder of Harald and his sons in 1135. After trying in vain to regain his heritage, Olaf proclaimed himself king in Scania in 1139, fighting his cousin King Eric III of Denmark. The civil war mostly consisted of alternating raids, during which Olaf killed Bishop Rike of Roskilde, an act that saw him excommunicated by the Pope. He was at last defeated by Eric III and was killed in a battle in Middle Scania around 1143.
|Ancestors of Olaf Haraldsen|
- Kongerækken Archived 2009-11-18 at the Wayback Machine at Monarchy of Denmark
- Johannes C. H. R. Steenstrup. "Medieval Danish Families: Two sons of Harald Kesja". Retrieved 2010-12-22.
- Oluf Haraldsen at Gyldendals Encyklopædi
- Bricka, Carl Frederik, Dansk Biografisk Lexikon, vol. XII [Münch - Peirup], 1898, pp.426-427 Available online
- Johannes C. H. R. Steenstrup. "Medieval Danish Families: Harald Skrænk, --1182--, royal descendant, son of Oluf?". Retrieved 2010-12-22.