Octobri mense (At the coming of] the Month of October) is an encyclical on the Rosary by Pope Leo XIII, also known as the Rosary Pope.[1] It was issued on 22 September 1891 in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome.[2]

Octobri mense
Latin for 'The Month of October'
Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII
Coat of arms of Pope Leo XIII
Signature date 22 September 1891
SubjectOn the Rosary
Number41 of 85 of the pontificate
← Pastoralis officii



Octobri mense is the fifth of twelve encyclicals written by Leo XIII on the Rosary. Starting in 1883, all but two were issued in September in anticipation of October, the month dedicated to the Rosary. The subject of Octobri mense was the power of prayer and the efficacy of the rosary.[3]

"It is indeed a cause of great sorrow that so many should be deterred and led astray by error and enmity to God; that so many should be indifferent to all forms of religion, and should finally become estranged from faith; that so many Catholics should be such in name only, and should pay to religion no honour or worship."[4] Invoking Mary under the title Helper of Christians, Leo urges the faithful to have recourse to her.

"The Eternal Son of God [...] did not accomplish His design without adding there the free consent of the elect Mother, who represented in some sort all human kind, according to the illustrious and just opinion of St. Thomas, who says that the Annunciation was effected with the consent of the Virgin standing in the place of humanity."[5]

St. Dominic’s devotion to the rosary is noted:

"the devotion was begun and spread abroad by the holy Patriarch Dominic as a most potent weapon against the enemies of the faith at an epoch not, indeed, unlike our own, of great danger to our holy religion. The heresy of the Albigenses had ...overrun many countries, and this most vile off spring of the Manicheans [...] There seemed to be no human hope of opposing this fanatical and most pernicious sect when timely succor came from on high through the instrument of Mary's Rosary. Thus under the favor of the powerful Virgin, the glorious vanquisher of all heresies"[6]

In every September for the next seven years following the writing of Octobri Mense in September 1891, Pope Leo XIII dedicated the month of October to the Rosary through the authorship of an encyclical.

These encyclicals continued the use of the Rosary by Leo as a rallying point against the evils in 1892,[7] 1893[8] and 1894.[9]

See also



  1. ^ Church dogmatics: Volume 1 by Karl Barth, Geoffrey William Bromiley 2004 ISBN 0-567-05069-6 Page 142
  2. ^ The Christian Faith: In the Doctrinal Documents of the Catholic Church by Jacques Dupuis 2001 ISBN 0-8189-0893-9 page 285
  3. ^ "Thompson, Thomas. "Twelve Rosary Encyclicals by Pope Leo XIII (1883-1898)", International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio". Archived from the original on 2014-05-30. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
  4. ^ Pope Leo XIII, Octobri mense, §2, Vatican, September 22, 1891
  5. ^ Octobri mense, §4.
  6. ^ "Octobri Mense, para. 8".
  7. ^ "Magnae Dei Matris".
  8. ^ "Laetitiae Sanctae".
  9. ^ "Iucunda Semper Expectatione".