The occipitalis muscle (occipital belly) is a muscle which covers parts of the skull. Some sources consider the occipital muscle to be a distinct muscle. However, Terminologia Anatomica currently classifies it as part of the occipitofrontalis muscle along with the frontalis muscle.
Muscles of the face and neck (occipitalis muscle visible at center right in red)
|Origin||Superior nuchal line of the occipital bone and mastoid process of the temporal bone|
|Nerve||Posterior auricular nerve (facial nerve)|
|Actions||Moves the scalp back|
|Latin||Venter occipitalis musculi occipitofrontalis|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The occipitalis muscle is thin and quadrilateral in form. It arises from tendinous fibers from the lateral two-thirds of the superior nuchal line of the occipital bone and from the mastoid process of the temporal and ends in the epicranial aponeurosis.