Hypocretin (orexin) receptor 2

  (Redirected from OX2 receptor)

Orexin receptor type 2 (Ox2R or OX2), also known as hypocretin receptor type 2 (HcrtR2), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HCRTR2 gene.[5]

Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesHCRTR2, OX2R, Hypocretin (orexin) receptor 2, hypocretin receptor 2, ORXR2, OXR2
External IDsOMIM: 602393 MGI: 2680765 HomoloGene: 1168 GeneCards: HCRTR2
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)Chr 6: 55.11 – 55.28 MbChr 9: 76.23 – 76.32 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse
Orexin receptor type 2


The structure of the receptor has been solved to 2.5 Å resolution as a fusion protein bound to suvorexant using lipid-mediated crystallization.[6]


OX2 is a G-protein coupled receptor expressed exclusively in the brain. It has 64% identity with OX1. OX2 binds both orexin A and orexin B neuropeptides. OX2 is involved in the central feedback mechanism that regulates feeding behaviour.[5] Mice with enhanced OX2 signaling are resistant to high-fat diet-induced obesity.[7]




See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000137252 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000032360 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: HCRTR2 hypocretin (orexin) receptor 2".
  6. ^ Liszewski, Kathy (1 October 2015). "Dissecting the Structure of Membrane Proteins". Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News. 35 (17): 16. doi:10.1089/gen.35.07.09.
  7. ^ Funato H, Tsai AL, Willie JT, Kisanuki Y, Williams SC, Sakurai T, Yanagisawa M (January 2009). "Enhanced orexin receptor-2 signaling prevents diet-induced obesity and improves leptin sensitivity". Cell Metabolism. 9 (1): 64–76. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2008.10.010. PMC 2630400. PMID 19117547.
  8. ^ a b https://www.who.int/medicines/publications/druginformation/issues/INN_List-123.pdf[bare URL]
  9. ^ a b WO application 2019027058, Kajita, Yuichi; Mikami, Satoshi & Miyanohana, Yuhei et al., "Heterocyclic compound and use therof", published 2019-02-07, assigned to Takeda Pharmaceutical Company 
  10. ^ a b Smart D, Jerman JC, Brough SJ, Rushton SL, Murdock PR, Jewitt F, Elshourbagy NA, Ellis CE, Middlemiss DN, Brown F (September 1999). "Characterization of recombinant human orexin receptor pharmacology in a Chinese hamster ovary cell-line using FLIPR". Br. J. Pharmacol. 128 (1): 1–3. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0702780. PMC 1571615. PMID 10498827.
  11. ^ a b Langmead CJ, Jerman JC, Brough SJ, Scott C, Porter RA, Herdon HJ (January 2004). "Characterisation of the binding of [3H]-SB-674042, a novel nonpeptide antagonist, to the human orexin-1 receptor". British Journal of Pharmacology. 141 (2): 340–6. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0705610. PMC 1574197. PMID 14691055.
  12. ^ "Wave 1 Pipeline Market Opportunity Conference Call" (PDF). Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited. 8 December 2020. TAK-861, a second oral OX2R agonist will begin clinical testing in 2H FY20
  13. ^ McAtee LC, Sutton SW, Rudolph DA, Li X, Aluisio LE, Phuong VK, Dvorak CA, Lovenberg TW, Carruthers NI, Jones TK (Aug 2004). "Novel substituted 4-phenyl-[1,3]dioxanes: potent and selective orexin receptor 2 (OX(2)R) antagonists". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 14 (16): 4225–9. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2004.06.032. PMID 15261275.
  14. ^ Roecker AJ, Mercer SP, Schreier JD, Cox CD, Fraley ME, Steen JT, Lemaire W, Bruno JG, Harrell CM, Garson SL, Gotter AL, Fox SV, Stevens J, Tannenbaum PL, Prueksaritanont T, Cabalu TD, Cui D, Stellabott J, Hartman GD, Young SD, Winrow CJ, Renger JJ, Coleman PJ (Feb 2014). "Discovery of 5-chloro-N-[(5,6-dimethoxypyridin-2-yl)methyl]-2,2':5',3-terpyridine-3'-carboxamide (MK-1064): a selective orexin 2 receptor antagonist (2-SORA) for the treatment of insomnia". ChemMedChem. 9 (2): 311–22. doi:10.1002/cmdc.201300447. PMID 24376006. S2CID 26114114.
  15. ^ Kuduk SD, Skudlarek JW, DiMarco CN, Bruno JG, Pausch MH, O'Brien JA, Cabalu TD, Stevens J, Brunner J, Tannenbaum PL, Garson SL, Savitz AT, Harrell CM, Gotter AL, Winrow CJ, Renger JJ, Coleman PJ (Jun 2015). "Identification of MK-8133: An orexin-2 selective receptor antagonist with favorable development properties". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 25 (12): 2488–92. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2015.04.066. PMID 25981685.
  16. ^ Cole AG, Stroke IL, Qin LY, Hussain Z, Simhadri S, Brescia MR, Waksmunski FS, Strohl B, Tellew JE, Williams JP, Saunders J, Appell KC, Henderson I, Webb ML (Oct 2008). "Synthesis of (3,4-dimethoxyphenoxy)alkylamino acetamides as orexin-2 receptor antagonists". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 18 (20): 5420–3. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.09.038. PMID 18815029.
  17. ^ Fujimoto T, Kunitomo J, Tomata Y, Nishiyama K, Nakashima M, Hirozane M, Yoshikubo S, Hirai K, Marui S (Nov 2011). "Discovery of potent, selective, orally active benzoxazepine-based Orexin-2 receptor antagonists". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 21 (21): 6414–6. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.08.093. PMID 21917455.

Further readingEdit

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.