Nyaungshwe Township (Burmese: ညောင်ရွှေမြို့နယ်; MLCTS: nyaunghrwe-mrui.nai; Burmese pronunciation: [ɲàʊɰ̃ʃwèmjo̰nɛ̀]) is a township of Taunggyi District in Shan State, Myanmar. It is located south of Sakangyi and south-west of Taunggyi. The principal town is Nyaungshwe.
|Coordinates: 20°39′N 96°56′E / 20.650°N 96.933°ECoordinates: 20°39′N 96°56′E / 20.650°N 96.933°E|
|• Total||561.4 sq mi (1,454.0 km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+6:30 (MST)|
Inle Lake, a popular tourist destination and an inland freshwater lake, is located south of Nyaungshwe town. Part of Inlay Lake Wetland Sanctuary lies in Nyaungshwe, Pinlaung and Pekon Township.
Nyaungshwe was formerly the capital of Yawnghwe, one of many Shan principalities in pre-colonial and colonial Burma (collectively called the Shan States). Nyaungshwe is a Burmese language approximation of the Shan name, Yawnghwe (Shan: ယွင်ႈႁူၺ်ႈ).
The town of Nyaungshwe comprises 8 wards, namely Kantha, Thasi, Nandawun, Myole, Win, Nangpang, Mingala, and Maineli.
Nyaungshwe is the tourist hub for visiting Inle Lake and Inlay Lake Wetland Sanctuary. It consists of one main thoroughfare with numerous side streets and a few parallel roads. The main street has numerous shops, several restaurants, a few stupas, travel agencies and a market (located behind the storefronts). Near the end of this road, a bridge crosses the river channel near an impressive mirror-tiled stupa.
The town serves as a marina for the numerous long boats carrying tourists into the lake. The lake itself is located a few kilometers south through a river channel. Nyaungshwe can be reached by bus, car, or by plane via the airport in Heho, located about a one-hour drive away. Nearby in Shwenyaung there is a train station with services to the mainline at Thazi, where connections to Yangon and Mandalay exist.
|Source: Ministry of Labor, Immigration, and Population data|
The 2014 Myanmar Census reported that Nyaungshwe Township had a population of 189,407. The population density was 130.3 people per km². The census reported that the median age was 26.7 years, and 100 males per 100 females. There were 42,634 households; the mean household size was 4.2.
Nyaungshwe Township is home to Inle Lake and Inlay Lake Wetland Sanctuary, including the village of Ywama, which is home to a floating market. In addition, Nyaungshwe Township has several cultural attractions, including:
- ^ "Inlay Lake (wetland) Sanctuary". Explore Myanmar. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- ^ Sao Tern Moeng (1995). Shan-English Dictionary. Dunwoody Press. ISBN 9780931745928.
- ^ a b c d e "Nyaungshwe Township Report" (PDF). 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. October 2017.
- ^ "Train travel in Myanmar (Burma) | Train times, fares, tickets, photos".
- ^ "Shwe Yaunghwe Kyaung". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2020-05-31.
- ^ "Shwe Yan Pyay Monastery". myanmars.net. Retrieved 2020-05-31.
- ^ "Rough Guides - Nyaungshwe". Rough Guides. Retrieved 2020-05-31.
- ^ Harvey, G. E. (2019-06-04). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824 The Beginning of the English Conquest. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-429-64805-2.
- ^ "Cultural Museum | Nyaungshwe, Myanmar (Burma) Attractions". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2020-05-31.