Norwich North (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Norwich North in Norfolk
Location of Norfolk within England
|Electorate||64,982 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Chloe Smith (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 3 Changes Proposed by the Boundary Commission
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1948 for the 1950 general election, when the former two-seat constituency of Norwich was divided into two single-member seats, Norwich North and Norwich South.
It was initially a safe seat for the Labour Party, held continuously by the party until 1983, when major boundary changes made the seat much more favourable to the Conservatives, who then held the seat from 1983 to 1997. The Labour member from 1997 to 2009 was Dr Ian Gibson, who resigned as an MP with immediate effect on 5 June 2009 after being implicated in the expenses scandal. A by-election was held to replace him on 23 July 2009, which was won by the Conservative Chloe Smith. Chloe Smith has retained the seat in the 2010, 2015 and 2017 general elections.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1950–1951: The County Borough of Norwich wards of Catton, Coslany, Fye Bridge, Heigham, Hellesdon, Mousehold, Thorpe, and Westwick.
1951–1974: The County Borough of Norwich wards of Catton, Coslany, Fye Bridge, Heigham, Hellesdon, Mousehold, Thorpe, and Westwick, the part of the civil parish of Thorpe-next-Norwich in the Rural District of Blofield and Flegg, and the part of the civil parish of Sprowston in the Rural District of St Faiths and Aylsham added to the County Borough of Norwich by the Norwich Extension Act 1950.
Boundaries expanded under the provisions of Statutory Instrument 1951/325.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Norwich wards of Catton, Coslany, Crome, Heigham, Hellesdon, Mancroft, Mousehold, and Thorpe.
Further to the Second Periodic Review of Parliamentary Constituencies a redistribution of seats was enacted in 1970. However, in the case of the two Norwich constituencies, this was superseded before the February 1974 general election by the Parliamentary Constituencies (Norwich) Order 1973 which followed on from a revision of the County Borough of Norwich wards in 1971, resulting in a realignment of the boundary with Norwich South.
1983–1997: The District of Broadland wards of Catton, Hellesdon North, Hellesdon South East, Hellesdon West, Sprowston Central, Sprowston East, Sprowston South, Sprowston West, Thorpe St Andrew North East, Thorpe St Andrew North West, and Thorpe St Andrew South, and the City of Norwich wards of Catton Grove, Coslany, Crome, Mile Cross, and Mousehold.
1997–2010: The District of Broadland wards of Catton, Drayton, Hellesdon North, Hellesdon South East, Hellesdon West, Sprowston Central, Sprowston East, Sprowston South, Sprowston West, Taverham, Thorpe St Andrew North East, Thorpe St Andrew North West, and Thorpe St Andrew South, and the City of Norwich wards of Catton Grove, Coslany, Crome, Mile Cross, and Mousehold.
2010–present: The District of Broadland wards of Hellesdon North West, Hellesdon South East, Old Catton and Sprowston West, Sprowston Central, Sprowston East, Thorpe St Andrew North West, and Thorpe St Andrew South East, and the City of Norwich wards of Catton Grove, Crome, Mile Cross, and Sewell.
Following their review of parliamentary constituencies in Norfolk that concluded in 2004 and came into effect for the 2010 general election, the Boundary Commission for England created a slightly modified Norwich North constituency. The part of the Crome ward around Morse Road moved to Norwich North, while the area around Mousehold Street in Thorpe Hamlet became part of Norwich South. Drayton and Taverham transferred back out, to the new county constituency of Broadland.
The changes were necessary to re-align the constituency boundaries with the new local government ward boundaries introduced in Broadland and Norwich and to take account of Norfolk being awarded an additional, ninth constituency by the Boundary Commission.
Changes Proposed by the Boundary CommissionEdit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
In order to meet the strict requirements of the electoral quota range, the Commission have recommended that the City of Norwich ward of Wensum would be transferred from Norwich South.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Feb 1974||David Ennals||Labour|
|2009 by-election||Chloe Smith||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||David Thomas|
|Liberal Democrats||Hugh Lanham||1,480||3.2||-1.1|
|Liberal Democrats||James Wright||1,894||4.3||-13.9|
|Labour Co-op||John Cook||13,379||31.4||−15.7|
|Liberal Democrats||David Stephen||7,783||18.3||+2.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+12.9|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||April Pond||4,803||14.0||−2.2|
|Put an Honest Man into Parliament||Craig Murray||953||2.8||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Alan Hope||144||0.4||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||16.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Robin Whitmore||7,616||16.2||+1.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Moira Toye||6,750||14.8||+2.2|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Young||6,951||12.6||−0.3|
|Legalise Cannabis||Howard Marks||512||0.9||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||James Hood||495||0.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||Diana Mills||100||0.2||0.0|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.8|
|Liberal Democrats||David Harrison||6,706||12.9||−11.1|
|Natural Law||R. Arnold||93||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Workers Revolutionary||F. Cairns||194||0.4||n/a|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||n/a|
Note: This constituency underwent boundary changes after the 1979 election, so was notionally a Conservative-held seat.
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Conservative||P. H. Rippon||12,336||35.0||+7.7|
|National Front||L. Goold||250||0.7||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||S. Colling||92||0.3||N/A|
|Conservative||T. P. Doe||8,754||27.3||−0.6|
|Liberal||E. M. Wheeler||5,378||16.8||−5.3|
|Conservative||T. P. Doe||9,817||27.9||−10.3|
|Liberal||E. M. Wheeler||7,773||22.1||N/A|
|National Front||G. Goold||544||1.5||N/A|
|Independent Progressive||C. C. Fairhead||658||2.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||Dudley R Chance||12,609||39.8||+0.5|
|Conservative||V. R. Rees||8,704||23.5||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Waller, Robert; Criddle, Byron (2007). The Almanac of British Politics (8th ed.). UK: Routledge. p. 718. ISBN 0-415-37823-0.
- "MP quitting to force by-election". BBC News. 5 June 2009.
- "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (Norwich) Order 1973". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 3)
- "Norwich North Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "Norwich North parliamentary constituency – Election 2017 – BBC News". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- Grimmer, Dan. "UKIP announce they will not have Norwich general election candidates and urge supporters to 'lend' votes to Conservatives". Eastern Daily Press.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Norwich_North_Statement_Notice_of_Poll.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Sparrow, Andrew (24 July 2009). "Norwich North byelection results – live". The Guardian. London.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Norwich North: Constituency, The Guardian
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- UK General Election results: June 1987
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- UK General Election results: June 1983
- "Notional 1979 general election constituency results by county". Google Docs.
- UK General Election results: May 1979
- UK General Election results: October 1974
- UK General Election results: February 1974
- UK General Election results: 1970
- UK General Election results: March 1966
- UK General Election results: October 1964
- UK General Election results: October 1959
- UK General Election results: May 1955
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
- UK General Election results: October 1951
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
- UK General Election results: February 1950