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Norton Water Tower is a water tower in Norton, Runcorn, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.[1]

Norton Water Tower
233 feet (71 m)
Norton Water Tower
LocationNorton, Runcorn, Cheshire, England
Coordinates53°19′46″N 2°40′17″W / 53.3295°N 2.6714°W / 53.3295; -2.6714Coordinates: 53°19′46″N 2°40′17″W / 53.3295°N 2.6714°W / 53.3295; -2.6714
OS grid referenceSJ 553 816
Built1892
Listed Building – Grade II
Designated31 October 1983
Reference no.1335884
Norton Water Tower is located in Cheshire
Norton Water Tower
Location in Cheshire

HistoryEdit

It was built between 1888 and 1892 on the water pipeline between Lake Vyrnwy in North Wales and Liverpool to act as a balancing reservoir in the process of supplying water to Runcorn and Liverpool. Water is carried to Liverpool through a tunnel 10 feet (3 m) wide under the River Mersey.[2] It is the largest UK tromboned pressure relief device currently in operation.[citation needed] The tower was designed by George F. Deacon, the Chief Engineer of the Liverpool Corporation Waterworks Department.[3]

DescriptionEdit

It is built in red sandstone in the shape of a cylinder 99 feet (30 m) high with a diameter of 82 feet (25 m). On its top is a cast iron tank with a capacity of 650,000 gallons.[3] Ten pilasters rise from a rock-faced base and between them are round-headed arches. Above these is a frieze with a Latin inscription and over this is a cornice. On the top is the iron tank with a decorated exterior.[1] Translated, the inscription on the frieze reads:

This water, derived from the sources of the Severn, is brought to the City of Liverpool, a distance of eighty miles, through the mountains and over the plains of Wales and the intervening country, at the cost of the municipality, in the year of Our Lord 1892.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Norton Water Tower, Runcorn (1335884)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b Starkey, H. F. (1990), Old Runcorn, Halton Borough Council, p. 162
  3. ^ a b Ritchie, J. O. C. (1957), "Water Towers", The Structural Engineer: 2, retrieved 2009-01-01