Normanton (UK Parliament constituency)
Normanton was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Normanton in West Yorkshire for the 2005 general election.
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford, Morley and Outwood and Wakefield|
|Created from||Southern West Riding of Yorkshire|
1918-1950: The Urban Districts of Altofts, Castleford, Featherstone, Methley, Normanton, and Whitwood.
1950-1983: The Urban Districts of Normanton, Rothwell, and Stanley, in the Rural District of Tadcaster the parishes of Great and Little Preston, and Swillington, and in the Rural District of Wakefield the parishes of Crofton, Sharlston, and Warmfield-cum-Heath.
1983-1997: The City of Wakefield wards of Normanton and Sharlston, Ossett, Stanley and Altofts, and Stanley and Wrenthorpe, and the City of Leeds ward of Rothwell.
1997-2010: The City of Wakefield wards of Horbury, Normanton and Sharlston, Ossett, Stanley and Altofts, and Stanley and Wrenthorpe.
The West Yorkshire constituency includes the towns of Normanton and Ossett and several villages. The area has a tradition of being working-class, but it has now become almost entirely gentrified as nearby Leeds has expanded as a financial centre.
Ossett is now actually the largest town in the area, due to its high growth in recent years. The Tory vote is very low in Normanton itself and in Ossett, but councillors have been elected for Horbury and for Wrenthorpe. Until recently the LibDems had all three councillors for the Ossett ward, but have never performed well in general elections, in this area. Stanley and Outwood East is a fairly safe Labour ward.
The constituency is nicknamed the banana constituency on account of its unusual shape.
The village of Altofts, located just to the north of Normanton, was included in the constituency, despite being part of a Castleford ward, and due to move into a proposed "Pontefract and Castleford" seat.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in West Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England had created a Normanton and Pontefract constituency. In late May 2006, the Commission published a revised recommendation changing the name of this constituency to Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford.
Local newspapers and the Labour Party opposed the initial change, but following a public consultation the Commission decided to create the seat conceding only a name change – from Pontefract and Castleford, to Normanton and Pontefract. This was extended to cover all three names. The wards of Wrenthorpe and Outwood West and Stanley and Outwood East – the most affluent parts of the constituency – were joined to the Conservative-leaning commuter town of Morley, which is in the Leeds district, as Morley and Outwood. At the time local groups and newspapers protested that this represented a takeover of the Wakefield district by the Leeds district. An early concern of the Labour Party was that Morley and Outwood would be won by the Conservatives, which ultimately did happen at the 2015 general election. Ossett and Horbury were moved to the Wakefield constituency.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Ed Balls, the former Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families, represented the seat from the 2005 general election until 2010 when it was abolished.
|1904 by-election||William Parrott||Lib-Lab|
|1905 by-election||Frederick Hall||Lib-Lab|
|1933 by-election||Tom Smith||Labour|
|1947 by-election||George Sylvester||Labour|
|2005||Ed Balls||Labour Co-op|
|2010||constituency abolished : see Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford|
and Morley and Outwood
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Lib-Lab win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Conservative||D'Arcy Bruce Wilson||3,941||41.7||+3.4|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||Marcus Robert Phipps Dorman||2,909||29.8||−12.0|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Lib-Lab: Frederick Hall
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|National Liberal||Ernest George Bearcroft||5,855||26.7||n/a|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative||John Norman Cumberbirch||9,974||30.4||+13.5|
|Conservative||Eric Oscar Moss||6,106||18.6||n/a|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Conservative||John Harvey Hulbert||5,259||15.7||-2.9|
|Independent||Walter Dixon Hartley||579||2.4||n/a|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative and National Liberal||Thomas Heseltine||11,199||26.51|
|Conservative||James A C Briggs||11,169||27.35|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Francis Kevin Roberts||10,785||27.47|
|Conservative||John Edward Robert Wauchop||9,084||23.59|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Conservative||David H Cargill||13,132||31.60|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||P Pantelli||9,741||22.59|
|Social Democratic||RJ Macey||7,717||16.41|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||M Galdas||7,137||14.3||-2.1|
|Liberal Democrat||David Ridgway||5,347||12.43|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Pearson||4,990||14.6||+2.2|
|Socialist Labour||Mick Appleyard||798||2.3||N/A|
|Labour Co-op||Ed Balls||19,161||51.2||−4.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Simone Butterworth||6,357||17.0||+2.4|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Notes and referencesEdit
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1931
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 22 March 1939
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973, FWS Craig
- The Times House of Commons, 1950–70
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
- British Parliamentary Election Results, 1974–1983, FWS Craig
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- The Independent Labour Party and the Yorkshire Miners: The Barnsley By-Election of 1897: details on the Liberal-Labour movement in the area in the late 19th century