Norges Bank (Bokmål: Norges Bank, Nynorsk: Noregs Bank, lit.'Bank of Norway') is the central bank of Norway. It is responsible for managing the Government Pension Fund of Norway, which is the world's largest sovereign wealth fund,[4] as well as the bank's own foreign exchange reserves.[5]

Norges Bank
Noregs Bank
Established14 June 1816 (208 years ago) (1816-06-14)
Ownership100% state ownership[1]
GovernorIda Wolden Bache
Central bank ofNorway
CurrencyNorwegian krone
NOK (ISO 4217)
Reserves750 billion NOK (2024)[2]
Bank rate5.50%[3]
Interest rate target4.50%[3]
Interest on reserves3.50%[3]
Norway bonds
  10 year
  5 year
  1 year
  6 month
  3 month



The history of the central bank of Norway can be traced back to 1816, when, two years after the separation from Denmark and the union with Sweden, Norges Bank was established by an Act of the Storting (the Norwegian parliament) on 14 June. The bank then decided that the monetary unit was to be the speciedaler (rixdollar), divided into 120 skillings or five ort ("rigsort") of 24 skillings each.[6]

The Money Act of 17 April 1875 discontinued the terms daler and skilling, and it was decided that the monetary unit should be a krone, divided into 100 øre. This was done to prepare for Norway's entry, on 16 October that year, into the Scandinavian Monetary Union. This union had been established between Denmark and Sweden in 1873 on the recommendation of a joint commission (in which Norway participated) to establish a common Scandinavian coin based on gold. It meant that the other countries' coins were to be legal tender on the same basis as those struck at home. The union functioned until 1914; thereafter it lacked all practical significance, but was not formally abolished until 1972.[6]

On 1 January 1897 the seat of Norges Bank was moved to Kristiania (Oslo) from Trondheim, and in 1906 a new headquarters building on Bankplassen was opened - for 80 employees including the workers in the banknote printing plant.[6]

During the Second World War, the seat of Norges Bank was temporarily moved to London in 1940, in that the Norwegian government-in-exile established a new board. The bank's gold reserves were evacuated via Åndalsnes, Molde and Tromsø to London, and from there to New York and Ottawa. This gold and the bank's other currency reserves were under the control of the London board. At the same time, the bank continued its operations in Norway under the direction of the Nazis until the war was over and the London board stepped down. A commission of inquiry after the war concluded that the bank's Oslo management had taken a firm and correct attitude towards the Nazi authorities.[6] In 1962, the Mint Supervisory Authority and the Royal Mint were transferred from the state to Norges Bank.[6]

Norges Bank Investment Management


Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM) is a separate branch of Norges Bank and is responsible for the management of the Government Pension Fund - Global. NBIM also manages Norges Bank's foreign exchange reserves. NBIM invests the fund's assets and the foreign exchange reserves in international equities and fixed income instruments, money market instruments and derivatives.

List of Central Bank Governors


The following is a list of past and present governors of the Norges Bank. The Act of 1892 gave the board a permanent chairman. In 1985 the term Executive Board was introduced, and the chairman was entitled Governor of the Central Bank, the following people have served as chairmen and governors.[7]

London branch


See also



  1. ^ Weidner, Jan (2017). "The Organisation and Structure of Central Banks" (PDF). Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
  2. ^ "Foreign exchange reserves Q1 2024" (PDF). Norges. 24 May 2024. p. 2. Retrieved 4 June 2024.
  3. ^ a b c "Rate decision May 2024". Norges. 3 May 2024. Retrieved 4 June 2024.
  4. ^ "Top 100 Largest Sovereign Wealth Fund Rankings by Total Assets - SWFI". Retrieved 2024-02-27.
  5. ^ "About the Bank".
  6. ^ a b c d e Norges Bank. "Norge Bank's History". Norges Bank.
  7. ^ "Governors of Norges Bank". April 1, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.

59°54′31.07″N 10°44′36.66″E / 59.9086306°N 10.7435167°E / 59.9086306; 10.7435167