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Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords

Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group. That is, they do not take a political party's whip, nor affiliate to the crossbench group, nor the Lords Spiritual (bishops). Formerly, the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were also a separate affiliation, but their successors (the Justices of the Supreme Court) are now disqualified from the Lords while in office and are described as "Ineligible" rather than "Non-affiliated".[1]

Most non-party Lords Temporal are crossbenchers. Members with senior official roles are counted as non-affiliated while they hold them, to preserve their neutrality; they may (re-)affiliate to a group at the end of their term of office. Some members become non-affiliated after resigning or being expelled from a party, either through a political disagreement or after a scandal such as the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal. Others have had no party allegiance and choose this designation rather than joining the crossbench.[2]

Although the Lord Speaker must drop any party affiliation upon their election,[3] they are not considered as a non-affiliated peer.

List of Non-affiliated PeersEdit

The UK Parliament website lists the following "Non-affiliated" members of the House of Lords,[4][5] excluding those on leave of absence or suspended:[1]

Member Previous affiliation Reason for change
Lord Ahmed Labour Resigned following allegation of antisemitism[citation needed]
Lord Archer of Weston-Super-Mare Conservative Expelled following imprisonment for perjury[citation needed]
Baroness Ashton of Upholland Labour
Lord Bhatia Crossbench Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal
Lord Boswell of Aynho Conservative Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees (2012–present)
Lord Carter of Barnes Labour
Lord Cashman Labour Left Labour Party to support the Liberal Democrats in the 2019 European Parliament elections[6]
Lord Cooper of Windrush Conservative Suspended from whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections
Lord Darzi of Denham Labour Resigned from the whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints[7]
Lord Davies of Abersoch Labour
Lord Eatwell Labour
Lord Elis-Thomas Plaid Cymru
Baroness Falkner of Margravine Liberal Democrat
Lord Faulks Conservative
Lord Gadhia Conservative
Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint Conservative
Lord Hanningfield Conservative Briefly suspended from the House following criminal conviction for false accounting[citation needed]
Lord Heseltine Conservative Suspended from whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections
Lord Holmes of Richmond Conservative
Lord Inglewood Conservative Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers
Lord Kalms Conservative Expelled after supporting UKIP in 2009 European elections
Earl of Kinnoull Crossbench Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Crossbench hereditary peers
Lord Lupton Conservative
Lord McFall of Alcluith Labour Senior Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords (2016–present)
Lord Mackenzie of Framwellgate Labour Following return from suspension from the House in connection with lobbying scandal[citation needed]
Lord Mann Labour Previously a Labour MP
Lord Moonie Labour Resigned whip following suspension by party over accusations of transphobia[citation needed]
Duke of Norfolk Crossbench Earl Marshal
Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay Liberal Democrat Following leave of absence in connection with a dispute regarding Nick Clegg's role as party leader[citation needed]
Earl of Oxford and Asquith Liberal Democrat Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by whole House vote
Lord Patel of Bradford Labour
Lord Paul Labour Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal[citation needed]
Lord Pearson of Rannoch UK Independence Resigned from whip in protest of party leadership during Brexit negotiations[8]
Lord Prior of Brampton Conservative
Baroness Ritchie of Downpatrick Social Democratic
and Labour Party
Withdrew from SDLP due to party policy regarding House of Lords[9]
Earl of Selborne Conservative
Lord Smith of Finsbury Labour
Lord Stone of Blackheath Labour Suspended from party whip due to misconduct[10]
Baroness Stowell of Beeston Conservative
Lord Taylor of Warwick Conservative Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal and imprisonment for false accounting[citation needed]
Baroness Tonge Liberal Democrat Resigned from the whip in 2012 after Israeli Apartheid Week comments[citation needed]
Lord Triesman Labour Resigned from the whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints[7]
Lord Turnberg Labour Resigned from the whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints[7]
Lord Tyrie Conservative Entered the House without affiliation due to his role as Chairman of the Competition and Markets Authority
Baroness Uddin Labour Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal[citation needed]
Duke of Wellington Conservative Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers
Baroness Wheatcroft Conservative
Lord Willoughby de Broke UKIP Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers

Also previously switched affiliation to UK Independence Party

List of Independent PeersEdit

There are other members listed with an "Independent" designation within the House of Lords:[4][5]

Member Designation Notes
Baroness Blackstone Labour Independent Previously sat as a Labour peer
Lord Maginnis of Drumglass Independent Ulster Unionist Resigned whip following homophobic remarks[11]
Lord Owen Independent Social Democrat Left the Crossbench following a donation to Labour[12]
Lord Stevens of Ludgate Conservative Independent Previously sat as a UKIP peer
Lord Stoddart of Swindon Independent Labour Expelled after supporting a Socialist Alliance candidate in the 2001 general election[citation needed]
Lord Truscott Independent Labour Resigned following the "cash for influence" allegations of 2009[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Ineligible members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
  2. ^ "The party system". UK Parliament. MPs and Members of the Lords do not have to belong to a political party. Instead, MPs can sit as Independents and Lords can sit as Crossbenchers or Independents.
  3. ^ "The Lord Speaker". UK Parliament.
  4. ^ a b "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament.
  5. ^ a b "Members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
  6. ^ https://www.birminghammail.co.uk/black-country/michael-cashman-sensationally-quits-labour-16311445
  7. ^ a b c "Three Labour peers quit over handling of antisemitism cases". The Guardian. 9 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Former UKIP Leader Lord Pearson Resigns From Party". Politicalite. 27 October 2019.
  9. ^ "Margaret Ritchie quits SDLP to become peer". BBC. 10 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Labour peer suspended over sexual harassment and transphobia". The Guardian. 23 October 2019.
  11. ^ ""Party distances itself from Maginnis gay marriage remarks"". BBC News. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  12. ^ Eaton, George (2 March 2014). "David Owen joins Miliband's big tent with donation to Labour of more than £7,500". New Statesman. Retrieved 30 December 2016.