Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords
Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group. That is, they do not take a political party's whip, nor affiliate to the crossbench group, nor the Lords Spiritual (bishops). Formerly, the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were also a separate affiliation, but their successors (the Justices of the Supreme Court) are now disqualified from the Lords while in office and are described as "Ineligible" rather than "Non-affiliated".
Most non-party Lords Temporal are crossbenchers. Members with senior official roles are counted as non-affiliated while they hold them, to preserve their neutrality; they may (re-)affiliate to a group at the end of their term of office. Some members become non-affiliated after resigning or being expelled from a party, either through a political disagreement or after a scandal such as the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal. Others have had no party allegiance and choose this designation rather than joining the crossbench.
List of Non-affiliated PeersEdit
|Member||Previous affiliation||Reason for change|
|Lord Ahmed||Labour||Resigned following allegation of antisemitism|
|Lord Archer of Weston-Super-Mare||Conservative||Expelled following imprisonment for perjury|
|Baroness Ashton of Upholland||Labour|
|Lord Bhatia||Crossbench||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Boswell of Aynho||Conservative||Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees (2012–present)|
|Lord Carter of Barnes||Labour|
|Lord Cashman||Labour||Left Labour Party to support the Liberal Democrats in the 2019 European Parliament elections|
|Lord Cooper of Windrush||Conservative||Suspended from whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections|
|Lord Darzi of Denham||Labour||Resigned from the whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints|
|Lord Davies of Abersoch||Labour|
|Lord Elis-Thomas||Plaid Cymru|
|Baroness Falkner of Margravine||Liberal Democrat|
|Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint||Conservative|
|Lord Hanningfield||Conservative||Briefly suspended from the House following criminal conviction for false accounting|
|Lord Heseltine||Conservative||Suspended from whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections|
|Lord Holmes of Richmond||Conservative|
|Lord Inglewood||Conservative||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers|
|Lord Kalms||Conservative||Expelled after supporting UKIP in 2009 European elections|
|Earl of Kinnoull||Crossbench||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Crossbench hereditary peers|
|Lord McFall of Alcluith||Labour||Senior Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords (2016–present)|
|Lord Mackenzie of Framwellgate||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with lobbying scandal|
|Lord Mann||Labour||Previously a Labour MP|
|Lord Moonie||Labour||Resigned whip following suspension by party over accusations of transphobia|
|Duke of Norfolk||Crossbench||Earl Marshal|
|Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay||Liberal Democrat||Following leave of absence in connection with a dispute regarding Nick Clegg's role as party leader|
|Earl of Oxford and Asquith||Liberal Democrat||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by whole House vote|
|Lord Patel of Bradford||Labour|
|Lord Paul||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Pearson of Rannoch||UK Independence||Resigned from whip in protest of party leadership during Brexit negotiations|
|Lord Prior of Brampton||Conservative|
|Baroness Ritchie of Downpatrick||Social Democratic
and Labour Party
|Withdrew from SDLP due to party policy regarding House of Lords|
|Earl of Selborne||Conservative|
|Lord Smith of Finsbury||Labour|
|Lord Stone of Blackheath||Labour||Suspended from party whip due to misconduct|
|Baroness Stowell of Beeston||Conservative|
|Lord Taylor of Warwick||Conservative||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal and imprisonment for false accounting|
|Baroness Tonge||Liberal Democrat||Resigned from the whip in 2012 after Israeli Apartheid Week comments|
|Lord Triesman||Labour||Resigned from the whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints|
|Lord Turnberg||Labour||Resigned from the whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints|
|Lord Tyrie||Conservative||Entered the House without affiliation due to his role as Chairman of the Competition and Markets Authority|
|Baroness Uddin||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Duke of Wellington||Conservative||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers|
|Lord Willoughby de Broke||UKIP||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers
Also previously switched affiliation to UK Independence Party
List of Independent PeersEdit
|Baroness Blackstone||Labour Independent||Previously sat as a Labour peer|
|Lord Maginnis of Drumglass||Independent Ulster Unionist||Resigned whip following homophobic remarks|
|Lord Owen||Independent Social Democrat||Left the Crossbench following a donation to Labour|
|Lord Stevens of Ludgate||Conservative Independent||Previously sat as a UKIP peer|
|Lord Stoddart of Swindon||Independent Labour||Expelled after supporting a Socialist Alliance candidate in the 2001 general election|
|Lord Truscott||Independent Labour||Resigned following the "cash for influence" allegations of 2009|
- "Ineligible members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- "The party system". UK Parliament.
MPs and Members of the Lords do not have to belong to a political party. Instead, MPs can sit as Independents and Lords can sit as Crossbenchers or Independents.
- "The Lord Speaker". UK Parliament.
- "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament.
- "Members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- "Three Labour peers quit over handling of antisemitism cases". The Guardian. 9 July 2019.
- "Former UKIP Leader Lord Pearson Resigns From Party". Politicalite. 27 October 2019.
- "Margaret Ritchie quits SDLP to become peer". BBC. 10 September 2019.
- "Labour peer suspended over sexual harassment and transphobia". The Guardian. 23 October 2019.
- ""Party distances itself from Maginnis gay marriage remarks"". BBC News. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
- Eaton, George (2 March 2014). "David Owen joins Miliband's big tent with donation to Labour of more than £7,500". New Statesman. Retrieved 30 December 2016.