No Frills (grocery store)
No Frills (corporately styled NOFRILLS) is a Canadian chain of deep discount supermarkets, owned by Loblaw Companies Limited, a subsidiary of George Weston Limited. There are over 200 franchise stores located in nine Canadian provinces – Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador.
|Headquarters||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
Number of locations
|Products||Bakery, dairy, deli, frozen foods, gasoline (select locations), general grocery, general merchandise, liquor (select locations), meat & poultry, pharmacy, produce, seafood, snacks|
The first No Frills store – a converted Loblaws outlet previously slated for closure – was launched in East York, Toronto, on July 5, 1978. While it offered a very limited range of goods and only the most basic customer service, the store promoted discount prices. The opening of the prototype outlet coincided with a period of rising inflation rates and consumer complaints regarding the high price of food. Similar limited variety supermarkets had been in operation in Europe for a number of years and in some countries had captured significant market share.
Months earlier, Loblaw had successfully launched a line of generic products called "No Name" that consisted of 16 unbranded items in very basic yellow and black packaging. The new line was promoted as offering savings of between 10 and 40 percent over comparable national brands. As No Name sales exceeded the company's own projections, Loblaws Supermarkets president Dave Nichol predicted the day when "limited line stores" would offer a complete assortment of No Name groceries While the first No Frills (originally branded no frills) featured the new generic product line, most items were still national brands. Though the European model typically offered dry goods, Loblaw promoted "fresh produce at the lowest possible price" as a way of attracting customers.
In order to reduce costs as much as possible, No Frills customers had to forego some of the conveniences that North American supermarket shoppers had come to expect. Customers were required to pack their own groceries as well as bring their own shopping bags or pay three cents for each. The prototype store had only four checkout counters and operated on a "low labour" principle of minimal staffing. Product displays were purely functional with items left in their cardboard boxes with the front cut away. Produce, normally washed and stacked, was left unwashed in its shipping carton. The original store did not offer fresh meat since refrigeration units had been removed in order to cut costs and instead of the 8,000 items normally carried by the average supermarket, only 500 were available, usually represented by one brand and in only one size. Instead of each item individually marked, prices were displayed overhead and customers provided with a price list. Cashiers, who underwent three weeks of training, were required to memorize all prices throughout the store. Meanwhile, Loblaws president Dave Nichol promoted the minimalism of the new operations as a way to save money in a difficult economy. "We took all the frills out. We think Canadians are ready for a little belt tightening."
In spite of the limited product selection and minimal customer service, the first No Frills store, which advertised "the lowest overall food prices in Toronto", proved successful from the initial launch. Opening day drew more shoppers than the store could handle:
“The rush never stopped,” Robert St. Jean, eastern Ontario division manager said in an interview. “We had to close the doors at 10:30 this morning and let people in as other people left,” he said, giggling with excitement as cash registers rang in the background. “We’re really excited about it... really excited,” he said from the store’s second floor at Victoria Park and St. Clair Avenues."
While some first day customers complained about the added inconveniences, most said they didn't mind and were pleased with the money they saved:
Some customers balked at having to pay three cents for each grocery bag and having to pack their own groceries, but most said they didn't mind the extra work. Frank Atlas who lives near the store at Victoria Park and St. Clair avenues, said he would pack all the groceries "to save a few nickels. It doesn't bother me a bit. I've saved a couple of dollars with this order," he said, pointing to three larges boxes of groceries.
With the successful launch of the prototype store, Loblaw began converting a number of its older, more marginal outlets to the new discount format. Within a few months, the company had three No Frills stores in operation in Toronto, located at Victoria Park Ave. and St. Clair Ave. E., Bathurst St. and Lawrence Ave. W., and Yonge St. and Finch Ave.
During the 1980s, the chain expanded beyond the greater Toronto area. By 1988, there were 19 No Frills stores located in Ontario." A year earlier, Loblaw began converting the outlets from company owned stores to franchise operations. The number of stores more than doubled to 48 by 1994. By the late 1990s, that number had increased to 79 outlets. The new franchise operations typically displayed the name of the owner, such as "Joe's nofrills" or "Derek's nofrills". While most No Frills stores were former Loblaws locations, the company also acquired some outlets including three former Knob Hill Farm supermarkets in Toronto, after that chain closed all of its stores in 2001 in the face of increasing competition. In 2007, Loblaw began expanding No Frills beyond Ontario, first into Western Canada, and later into Atlantic Canada.
Presently, No Frills stores are much more like conventional supermarkets but continue to feature deep discount prices. Items are typically left in their cardboard shipping boxes but are arranged on store shelves and produce is conventionally displayed. While the original No Frills outlets stocked only the most basic products, today's stores offer a wide array of items and brands that include Loblaw's own private or 'control label' products. No Name, which is still heavily featured, has expanded from the original 16 items to more than 2,900 and the company's premium "President's Choice" line is readily available on store shelves.
The range of services has also expanded with some outlets that offer fresh meat and fish counters. Frozen food sections, excluded from the original stores due to the cost of refrigeration, are now standard. Other features remain unchanged, though, with No Frills customers still required to pack their own groceries and bring their own shopping bags or pay 5 cents per bag. Loblaw's other major supermarket chain, Loblaws, has been moved upmarket and features exclusive amenities not found in No Frills such as a bakery, deli, and fresh prepared-counter all in-store; at No Frills there is a much smaller selection of these types of foods which are prepared off-site and sent to the store. Some Loblaws stores have been converted into No Frills, even in affluent neighbourhoods like Bayview Hills in the Greater Toronto Area.
- "Stratford Welcomes No Frills". Town of Stratford. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Canadians suffer in silence, buy less as food prices rise", Toronto Star, May 12, 1978
- "Food price crisis: What can be done?", Toronto Star, July 18, 1978
- "'No frills' war slashes grocery prices", Toronto Star, March 21, 1978
- "Puffery leaves the consumer cold", Globe and Mail, April 12, 1978
- "no frills pricelist", Loblaw Companies LImited, July 1987
- "No name products – they're here to stay", Ryersonian, November 1, 1978
- "No-Frills supermarket is swamped on first day", Globe and Mail, July 6, 1978
- "Price must be right!", Toronto Sun, July 6, 1978
- Annual report, Loblaw Companies Limited, 1987
- Annual report, Loblaw Companies Limited, 1993
- Annual report, Loblaw Companies Limited, 1998