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Nishina (crater)

Nishina is the remnant of a lunar impact crater that is located in the southern hemisphere on the far side of the Moon. It lies to the south-southwest of the crater Maksutov, to the southeast of Finsen and Leibniz.

Nishina LROC.jpg
LRO image
Coordinates44°36′S 170°24′W / 44.6°S 170.4°W / -44.6; -170.4Coordinates: 44°36′S 170°24′W / 44.6°S 170.4°W / -44.6; -170.4
Diameter65 km
Colongitude172° at sunrise
EponymYoshio Nishina
Oblique Lunar Orbiter 5 image

The rim of this formation has been eroded, worn down, and reshaped by a history of impacts, leaving an irregular, indented perimeter surrounding the crater floor. The interior of the formation has been resurfaced by basaltic lava, leaving a level, nearly featureless surface that contains no impacts of note. While the interior surface has a low albedo and appears dark, it has been coated by ray material which has produced lighter patches to the southwest and northeast.

Prior to formal naming in 1970 by the IAU,[1] the crater was known as Crater 436.[2]

Satellite cratersEdit

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Nishina.

Nishina Latitude Longitude Diameter
T 43.7° S 174.4° W 28 km


  1. ^ Nishina, Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN)
  2. ^ Lunar Farside Chart (LFC-1A)
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