Nikkor 13mm f/5.6

The Nikkor 13mm f/5.6 is an ultra-wide angle rectilinear lens which was manufactured by Nikon for use on Nikon 135 film format SLR cameras until 1998, at which time it was discontinued.[1] It has been dubbed 'The Holy Grail', for its low-distortion ultra-wide capabilities. The lens was produced by Nikon only upon receipt of an order, thus making it one of the Nikon lenses with the least number manufactured.

Nikkor 13mm f/5.6[1]
Nikkor13mm 6164.jpg
MakerNikon
Technical data
Focal length13.3mm
Crop factor135 film format
Aperture (max/min)f/5.6 - f/22
Close focus distance0.30 m (1.0 ft)
Diaphragm blades7
Construction16 elements in 12 groups
Features
Ultrasonic motorNo No
Lens-based stabilizationNo No
Macro capableNo No
ApplicationUltra-wide angle prime
Physical
Max. length100 mm (88.5 mm from flange)
Diameter115 mm
Weight1240 g (AI version)
Filter diameterrear bayonet type
Accessories
Lens hoodBuilt in
CaseCL-14
Angle of view
Horizontal108°
Vertical85°
Diagonal118° (with 135 film format)
History
IntroductionMarch 1976
Retail info
MSRP8,229.00 (1979 price) USD

IntroductionEdit

 
As a highly perfected rectilinear lens, straight lines are rendered perfectly straight (while a similar focal length Fish-Eye lens will distort such lines). This photograph was taken at the Getty Villa in Pacific Palisades, CA with the 13mm Nikkor.

The lens was prototyped in 1973 and released on an 'order only' basis from March 1976. It was designed by Mr Ikuo Mori, First Optical Section, Optical Designing Department (now retired) and built in Japan.[1]

FeaturesEdit

  • Very little distortion (less than typical 50 mm normal lenses) and lateral chromatic aberration.
  • Close Range Optical Correction (CRC) system: floating lens elements are used to reduce aberrations at close focusing distances.[2]

ConstructionEdit

  • 16 lens elements in 12 groups
  • Extreme retrofocus optical design with backfocus of more than three times the focal length.
  • Triplet/Tessar type master lens group behind the aperture.
  • Wide-angle lens group in front of the aperture to reduce the image size.[1]

VersionsEdit

  • Nikkor F 13mm f/5.6 - March 1976 (non-AI). Serial numbers began with: 175021.
  • AI Nikkor 13mm f/5.6 - June 1977. Serial numbers began with: 175055.
  • AIS Nikkor 13mm f/5.6 - March 1982. Discontinued in 1998. Serial numbers began with: 175901

See alsoEdit

  • The Zeiss 8R Ultra Prime T2.8 is a rectilinear wide angle lens with an even slightly wider field of view, even when considering its smaller image circle.
  • The Sigma 12–24mm f/4.5–5.6, introduced in 2003, a rectilinear ultra-wide zoom designed for the 35 mm format (both film and digital), providing a slightly wider field of view. The company replaced this lens in 2016 with a version offering the same focal length range but a constant maximum aperture of f/4.
  • The Sigma 8–16mm, introduced in 2010, a rectilinear ultra-wide zoom designed for DSLRs with APS-C sensors, providing essentially the same 35mm equivalent field of view as the company's 12–24mm offering on full-frame.
  • The Canon EF 11–24mm, introduced in 2015, a rectilinear ultra-wide zoom designed for the company's full-frame DSLRs.
  • The ultra-wide camera in the iPhone 12 and later models is based upon the Nikkor 13mm, in so far as having approximately the same angle of view and complete lack of barrel distortion.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Haruo Sato (2009). "The world's widest angle of field Tale 9 : Nikkor 13 mm f/5.6". NIKKOR - The Thousand and One Nights. Nikon Corporation. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
  2. ^ Foo, Lee (2001). "Additional Information on Nikkor 13mm Ultrawideangle lenses". Retrieved 2009-02-23.