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Nidek [ˈnidɛk] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Wieprz, within Wadowice County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland.[1] It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) north-west of Wieprz, 13 km (8 mi) west of Wadowice, and 47 km (29 mi) west of the regional capital Kraków.

Nidek
Village
Saint Simon and Saint Jude Thaddeus the Apostles Church
Saint Simon and Saint Jude Thaddeus the Apostles Church
Coat of arms of Nidek
Coat of arms
Nidek is located in Poland
Nidek
Nidek
Coordinates: 49°55′N 19°20′E / 49.917°N 19.333°E / 49.917; 19.333
Country Poland
VoivodeshipLesser Poland
CountyWadowice
GminaWieprz
First mentioned1313
Highest elevation
350 m (1,150 ft)
Lowest elevation
265 m (869 ft)
Population
1,339

The village has a population of 1,339.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

The village was first mentioned in 1313 when a local parish church has been erected.[2]

Politically the village belonged then to the Duchy of Oświęcim, formed in 1315 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia. In 1457 Jan IV of Oświęcim agreed to sell the duchy to the Polish Crown, and in the accompanying document issued on 21 February the village was mentioned as Nydek.[3]

The territory of the Duchy of Oświęcim was eventually incorporated into Poland in 1564 and formed Silesian County of Kraków Voivodeship. Upon the First Partition of Poland in 1772 it became part of the Austrian Kingdom of Galicia. After World War I and fall of Austria-Hungary it became part of Poland. It was annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II, and afterwards it was restored to Poland.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Zinkow, Julian (1994). Oświęcim i okolice. Przewodnik monograficzny (in Polish). Oświęcim: Wydawnictwo „PLATAN“. pp. 236–237. ISBN 83-7094-002-1.
  3. ^ Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał (2002). Księstwa oświęcimskie i zatorskie wobec Korony Polskiej w latach 1438-1513. Dzieje polityczne (in Polish). Kraków: PAU. p. 151. ISBN 83-88857-31-2.

Coordinates: 49°55′00″N 19°20′00″E / 49.9167°N 19.3333°E / 49.9167; 19.3333