Nickel(II) iodide is an inorganic compound with the formula NiI2. This paramagnetic black solid dissolves readily in water to give blue-green solutions of the aquo complexes. This blue-green colour is typical of hydrated nickel(II) compounds. Nickel iodides find some applications in homogeneous catalysis.
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||312.5023 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||iron-black solid (anhydrous) |
bluish-green solid (hexahydrate)
|Melting point|| 780 °C (1,440 °F; 1,050 K) (anhydrous) |
43 °C (hexahydrate, loses water)
|124.2 g/100 mL (0 °C) |
188.2 g/100 mL (100 °C)
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|nickel(II) chloride, nickel(II) bromide, nickel(II) fluoride|
|cobalt iodide, copper iodide,|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Structure and synthesisEdit
NiI2 readily hydrates, and the hydrated form can be prepared by dissolution of nickel oxide, hydroxide, or carbonate in hydroiodic acid. The anhydrous form can be produced by treating powdered nickel with iodine.
Applications in catalysisEdit
NiI2 has found some industrial applications as a catalyst in carbonylation reactions. It is also has niche uses as a reagent in organic synthesis, especially in conjunction with samarium(II) iodide.
- Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.
- Ward, Laird G. L. (1972). "Anhydrous Nickel (II) Halides and their Tetrakis(Ethanol) and 1,2-Dimethoxyethane Complexes". Inorganic Syntheses. 13: 154–164. doi:10.1002/9780470132449.ch30.
- W. Bertleff, M. Roeper, X. Sava, "Carbonylation" in Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2003. doi:10.1002/14356007.a05_217.
- Shinichi Saito, Nickel(II) Iodide" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, 2008. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rn00843. Article Online Posting Date: March 14, 2008.
- Everson, Daniel A.; Shrestha, Ruja; Weix, Daniel J. (2010-01-27). "Nickel-Catalyzed Reductive Cross-Coupling of Aryl Halides with Alkyl Halides". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 132 (3): 920–921. doi:10.1021/ja9093956. PMID 20047282.
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