Niš Committee

The Serbian Liberation Committee of the Sanjak of Niš,[1] known as the Niš Committee (Serbian: Нишки комитет/Niški komitet) was a Serb revolutionary organisation (national liberation movement) based in Niš, established in 1874, with the aim of not only liberating Niš and its immediate surroundings, but also the whole of the Sanjak of Niš, including Leskovac, Pirot, Vranje, Breznica, and Tran, from the hands of the Ottoman Empire.

Niš Committee
Niš Committee.jpg
Photograph of the Niš Committee swearing oath
Formation24 September 1874
Typesecret revolutionary organisation
PurposeLiberation of Niš and its surroundings and merging with Principality of Serbia
Location
  • Niš
Key people
see list

BackgroundEdit

HistoryEdit

 
Monument to the liberators of Niš - detail (one side) depicting the establishment of the committee.

On February 24, 1874, the "Serbian Liberation Committee for the Sanjak of Niš", known simply as the Niš Committee, was founded and organized by Kole Rašić, Todor Milovanović, Dimitrije Đorđević, Milan Novičić, Tasko Tasa Uzunović, Đorđe Pop-Manić, Mihajlo Božidarac, and Todor Stanković.[2] They gathered at Božidarac's house, and Orthodox priest Petar Ikonomović swore Oath on the Christian cross and Gospel, reminiscent of the Orašac Assembly (1804).[2] Rašić was declared vojvoda.

So together, brothers, and the Almighty shall help us all in his mercy, and soon permit us to weave the triumphal flag of our only faithful IV Obrenović on the Niš fortification. Hooray! Hooray! Hooray! Long live our beloved knightly Prince Milan M. Obrenović IV. Long live Mother Serbia!

— Petar Ikonomović, priest of Niš (February 24, 1874)[3]

AftermathEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dragoljub Simonović (1982). Zaplanje--priroda, istorija, etnografija, društveno-ekonomski razvoj, porodica, narodne pesme. Gradina. p. 127.
  2. ^ a b Milić 1983, p. 298
  3. ^ Branibor Debeljković; Olivera Stefanović (2005). Old Serbian photography. Narodna biblioteka Srbije. p. 165. ISBN 9788681695067.

SourcesEdit