Ngorongoro District

Ngorongoro is one of the seven districts of the Arusha Region in Tanzania. The District covers an area of 14,036 km2 (5,419 sq mi).[1] It is bordered to the north by Kenya, to the east by Monduli District, the northeast by Longido District, and to the south by the Karatu District. The western border is the Serengeti District in Mara Region. Ngorongoro District is home to the Ngorongoro Crater and was named after it. The administrative seat is the town of Loliondo. The district is home to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Wilaya ya Ngorongoro (Swahili)
Wilaya ya Ngorongoro, Mkoa wa Arusha
Ol Doinyo Lengai and Lake Empakaai in Ngorongoro District
Ol Doinyo Lengai and Lake Empakaai in Ngorongoro District
The Crater District
Location in Arusha
Location in Arusha
Coordinates: 3°14′29.4″S 35°29′16.08″E / 3.241500°S 35.4878000°E / -3.241500; 35.4878000Coordinates: 3°14′29.4″S 35°29′16.08″E / 3.241500°S 35.4878000°E / -3.241500; 35.4878000
Country Tanzania
RegionArusha Region
Named forNgorongoro Crater
 • Total14,036 km2 (5,419 sq mi)
 • Land13,460 km2 (5,200 sq mi)
 • Water576 km2 (222 sq mi)
Highest elevation3,682 m (12,080 ft)
 • Total174,278
 • Density12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • SettlerMaasai & Swahili
 • NativeSonjo & Iraqw
Tanzanian Postal Code
Ngorongoro Spitzmaulnashorn

According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the population of the Ngorongoro Region was 129,776.[2] By 2012, the population of the district was 174,278.[3] Within the district are the Ngorongoro Crater and active volcano Ol Doinyo Lengai. The district plays host to parts of the wildebeest migration. While not part of the park, as such, much of the district is within the same Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem, which is defined by the limits of the annual wildlife migration. The dominant ethnic group in the district are the Maasai people. The district is also famous for its spessartine garnets.

Spessartine from Loliondo, Ngorongoro District

Protected area statusEdit

The entire southern half of the district is designated as the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) which is governed by the Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA). The conservation area is the only one of its kind in Tanzania with all other of the country's protected areas designated as game reserves and national parks. The NCAA uniquely allows human habitation within the protected area, but places restrictions on land-use in the NCA, including cultivation and livestock grazing. Whilst watering of cattle is permitted, human habitation and livestock grazing are forbidden in the Ngorongoro Crater

Administrative subdivisionsEdit


For parliamentary elections, Arusha Region is divided into constituencies. As of the 2010 elections Ngorongoro District had one constituency, Ngorongoro Constituency.


The district is divided into three divisions:

  1. Ngorongoro
  2. Loliondo
  3. Sale


As of 2012, Ngorongoro District is administratively divided into 21 wards:[3]


  1. ^ "Tanzania: Northern Zone(Districts and Wards) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "2002 Population and Housing General Report: Arusha: Ngorongoro". Archived from the original on 18 March 2004.
  3. ^ a b "2012 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Development Partners Group Tanzania. Retrieved 7 August 2019.


  • Maasailand Ecology: Pastoralist Development and Wildlife Conservation in Ngorongoro, Tanzania - K.W. Homewood and W.A. Rodgers 24 October 1991, CUP
  • Deocampo, D.M., 2004. Hydrogeochemistry in the Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania, and implications for land use in a World Heritage Site. Applied Geochemistry, volume 19, p. 755-767
  • Deocampo, D.M., 2005. Evaporative evolution of surface waters and the role of aqueous CO2 in magnesium silicate precipitation: Lake Eyasi and Ngorongoro Crater, northern Tanzania. South African Journal of Geology, volume 108, p. 493-504.