The New School for Social Research
The New School for Social Research (NSSR) is an educational institution that is part of The New School in New York City, United States. The university was founded in 1919 as a home for progressive thinkers. The New School for Social Research explores and promotes global peace and justice as more than theoretical ideals. The New School for Social Research enrolls more than 1,000 students from all regions of the United States and from more than 70 countries.
The program was founded with the start of the college in 1919. In 1933, what became known as the University in Exile, had become a haven for scholars who had been dismissed from teaching positions by the Italian fascists or had to flee Nazi Germany. The University in Exile was initially founded by the director of the New School, Alvin Johnson, through the generous financial contributions of Hiram Halle and the Rockefeller Foundation. The University in Exile and its subsequent incarnations have been the intellectual heart of the New School. Notable scholars associated with the University in Exile include psychologists Erich Fromm, Max Wertheimer and Aron Gurwitsch, political philosophers Hannah Arendt and Leo Strauss, social psychologist Everett Dean Martin, and philosopher Hans Jonas.
Following the collapse of totalitarian regimes in Europe, the University in Exile was renamed the Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science. Harry Gideonse was Chancellor of the New School for Social Research from 1966 until 1975, when he retired.
It was renamed the "New School for Social Research" in 2005 this time taking the original name of the university. It is worthwhile to note that The New School in its founding days in 1919 was actually known as The New School for Social Research. This name continued until 1997, when the university adopted a new name and started being known as New School University. This continued until 2005, when a big new rebranding occurred, with the school in general turning to The New School, its present name. Its various colleges were regrouped under various names like College of Performing Arts (taking on the existing music, jazz and drama schools), Eugene Lang College of Liberal Arts, Parsons School of Design and The New School for Public Engagement (taking on Milano School of International Affairs, Management, and Urban Policy, plus media studies, language studies and other programs). The university also continued with a separate new institution The New School for Social Research under the general banner of The New School.