New Jewish Cemetery, Prague

The New Jewish Cemetery (Czech: Nový židovský hřbitov) in Žižkov, Prague, Czech Republic, was established in 1891 to relieve the space problem at the Old Jewish Cemetery, Prague. It is about 10 times bigger than the Old Jewish Cemetery and provides space for approximately 100,000 graves, therefore having the capacity to serve for a whole century.[1] There is also a specially designated area for urns, though the Jewish tradition does not allow cremation. The cemetery is still in use today and operated by the Jewish Community in Prague.

New Jewish Cemetery
Praha, Vinohrady, Židovské hřbitovy.JPG
Entrance gate
Details
Established1889–1990
Location
CountryCzech Republic
Coordinates50°4′52″N 14°28′34″E / 50.08111°N 14.47611°E / 50.08111; 14.47611Coordinates: 50°4′52″N 14°28′34″E / 50.08111°N 14.47611°E / 50.08111; 14.47611
TypeJudaic
StyleArt nouveau
Owned byThe Jewish Community in Prague

The cemetery is noted for its many art nouveau monuments, among them, two monuments for members of the Perutz family by Jan Kotěra, the monument to artist Max Horb by Jan Štursa in the form of a mourning peacock, and many remarkable works of the decorative and sculptural arts in florid art nouveau style by less well-known artists.[2] One of the more elaborate tombs belongs to the Waldes family; the tomb is decorated with two busts, the last pieces of art made by the important Czech sculptor Josef Václav Myslbek, creator of the Wenceslas Square famous statue of St. Wenceslas.

The cemetery was desecrated by the communist regime and the site was used to build a radio tower. Headstones from the cemetery were broken up and used to repave Wenceslaus Square during a 1980s renovation, as revealed in 2020.[3][4]

Notable burialsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1], Pražská Informační Služba
  2. ^ Marie vitochova Jindrichkjer and Jiri Vsetecka, Prague and Art Nouveau, translation by Denis Rath and Mark Prescott, Prague: V Raji, 1995.
  3. ^ "Prague revamp reveals Jewish gravestones used to pave streets". the Guardian. 5 May 2020. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Prague TV tower under fire as dark reminder of city's antisemitic past". the Guardian. 12 May 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2020.

External linksEdit