Nesseby

Unjárga (Northern Sami) or Nesseby (Norwegian)[3] (also unofficially Uuniemi in Kven/Finnish) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Varangerbotn. Other villages in Nesseby include Gandvik, Karlebotn, Nesseby, and Nyelv. The European route E06 and European route E75 highways intersect at Varangerbotn in Nesseby.

Nesseby kommune

Unjárgga gielda
Abelsborg in Nesseby municipality
Abelsborg in Nesseby municipality
Flag of Nesseby kommune
Flag
Official logo of Nesseby kommune
Troms og Finnmark within
Norway
Nesseby within Troms og Finnmark
Nesseby within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°10′24″N 28°33′13″E / 70.17333°N 28.55361°E / 70.17333; 28.55361Coordinates: 70°10′24″N 28°33′13″E / 70.17333°N 28.55361°E / 70.17333; 28.55361
CountryNorway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictØst-Finnmark
Established1839
Administrative centreVarangerbotn
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Knut Inge Store (Ap)
Area
 • Total1,436.94 km2 (554.81 sq mi)
 • Land1,365.92 km2 (527.38 sq mi)
 • Water71.02 km2 (27.42 sq mi)  4.9%
Area rank62 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total926
 • Rank340 in Norway
 • Density0.7/km2 (2/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
4.8%
Demonym(s)Nessebyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5442
Official language formBokmål and Sami[2]
Websitenesseby.kommune.no

The 1,437-square-kilometre (555 sq mi) municipality is the 62nd largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Nesseby is the 340th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 926. The municipality's population density is 0.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.8/sq mi) and its population has increased by 4.8% over the previous 10-year period.[4][5]

General informationEdit

The municipality of Nesseby was originally established in 1839 when the western part of the Vadsø landdistrikt was separated to form Nesseby. Initially, there were 598 residents. This was short-lived, however, since the two were merged back together in 1858. On 1 January 1864, the municipality of Nesseby was again created from the western district of Vadsø landdistrikt. The initial population (this time) was 886. The western part of Nesseby (population: 450) was separated on 1 January 1903 to form the new municipality of Polmak.[6]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Finnmark county.[7]

NameEdit

The official name of the municipality was Nesseby before 1989 when it was changed to Unjárga-Nesseby.[8] It was the second municipality in Norway to get a Sami name. In 2005, the name was again changed, such that either Unjárga or Nesseby can be used.[9]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Nesseby farm, since Nesseby Church was built there (in 1858). The first element is nes which means "headland" and the last element is by which means "town".[10]

The meaning of the first element (u-) in the Sami name is unknown and the last element is njárga which means "headland".[10]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 27 June 1986. The arms show a cloudberry plant (Rubus chamaemorus), since these plants are commonly found in the municipality and the region. The berries were historically exported to other parts of Norway by the barrel.[11]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Nesseby. It is part of the Indre Finnmark prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Nesseby
Parish (sokn) Church name Location Year built
Nesseby Nesseby Church Nesseby 1858

HistoryEdit

 
Farming of salmon in Nesseby
 
View of the lake Gánddajávri

Wild reindeer used to cross the isthmus in prehistoric times until the year 1900, causing extensive human activity throughout the millennia. Therefore, the area is full of archeological finds from different periods.

Sami cultureEdit

Most inhabitants are of Sami origin, and today Sami is being taught as the first language in schools. The municipality has its own Sami costume.

The Norwegian Sami Parliament's department of culture and environment is located in Unjárga-Nesseby. The Várjjat Sámi Museum is located in the municipality. The museum is about the sea-sami culture. Unjárga-Nesseby is also the birthplace of Isak Saba the first Sami to be elected into the Norwegian Parliament.

The popular teen-age pop-band The Blacksheeps come from Nesseby.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Nesseby, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[12] The municipality falls under the Indre Finnmark District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Nesseby is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Unjárga Nesseby Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)1
Total number of members:15
Unjárga Nesseby Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)3
Total number of members:15
Unjárga Nesseby Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)1
Total number of members:15
Unjárga Nesseby Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)3
Total number of members:15
Unjárga-Nesseby Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)3
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)3
Total number of members:17
Unjárga-Nesseby Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)5
 Free voters (Frie velgere)2
Total number of members:17
Unjárga-Nesseby Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)3
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)5
Total number of members:17
Unjárga-Nesseby Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)6
Total number of members:17
Unjárga-Nesseby Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Common List for Cross-Party Group and Centre Party
(Fellesliste for tverrpolitiskgruppe og Senterpartiet)
5
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)3
Total number of members:17
Nesseby Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)3
 Cross-Party list for fishermen, farmers, and others
(Tverrpolitisk liste for fiskere, småbrukere og andre yrkesgruppe)
2
Total number of members:17
Nesseby Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)3
Total number of members:17
Nesseby Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:13
Nesseby Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:13
Nesseby Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
Total number of members:13
Nesseby Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
Total number of members:13
Nesseby Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:13
Nesseby Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
Total number of members:13
Nesseby Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
Total number of members:12
Nesseby Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
6
Total number of members:12
Nesseby Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
7
Total number of members:12
Nesseby Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:12

GeographyEdit

The municipality is situated on the isthmus between the Varangerfjord and the Tana River at the entrance to the Varanger Peninsula. All the people live in small settlements along the fjord. Varangerhalvøya National Park is partially located in the park. The river Jakobselva partially forms the municipal border between Nesseby and Vadsø to the northeast.

BirdlifeEdit

The municipality of Unjárga-Nesseby is known for its interesting birding localities and is mentioned in several birding guide books. Other than the Varangerford, the main habitat is tundra with areas of bog and marsh. One species that can usually be seen on small ponds during the summer months is the red-necked phalarope.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Varangerbotn
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.9
(10.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.1
(37.6)
8.6
(47.5)
12.2
(54.0)
10.5
(50.9)
6.1
(43.0)
0.3
(32.5)
−5.7
(21.7)
−9.9
(14.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.1)
22
(0.9)
21
(0.8)
21
(0.8)
24
(0.9)
37
(1.5)
55
(2.2)
53
(2.1)
44
(1.7)
41
(1.6)
34
(1.3)
31
(1.2)
410
(16.1)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[31]

Notable peopleEdit

 
Finn Lützow-Holm, 1934

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Mæhlum, Lars, ed. (2019-12-24). "Troms og Finnmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  8. ^ "Ot.prp. nr. 111 (2001-2002)" (in Norwegian). Regjeringen.no.
  9. ^ "Endring av skrivemåten for tospråklige kommuner. Endring av skrivemåten for tospråklige kommunenavn, Unjárga-Nesseby" (in Norwegian).
  10. ^ a b Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 246.
  11. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  12. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Troms og Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-23.
  14. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  15. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-23.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  31. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External linksEdit