Navigation system

A navigation system is a computing system that aids in navigation. Navigation systems may be entirely on board the vehicle or vessel that the system is controlling (for example, on the ship's bridge) or located elsewhere, making use of radio or other signal transmission to control the vehicle or vessel. In some cases, a combination of these methods is used.

Navigation systems may be capable of one or more of:

Types of navigation systemsEdit

  • Automotive navigation system
  • Marine navigation systems using sonar[3]
  • Satellite navigation system
    • Global Positioning System, a group of satellites and computers that can provide information on any person, vessel, or vehicle's location via a GPS receiver
      • GPS navigation device, a device that can receive GPS signals for the purpose of determining the device's location and possibly to suggest or give directions
    • GLONASS, satellite navigation system run by Russia
    • Galileo global navigation satellite system
  • Surgical navigation system, a system that determines the position of surgical instruments in relation to patient images such as CT or MRI scans.
  • Inertial guidance system, a system which continuously determines the position, orientation, and velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external reference
  • Robotic mapping, the methods and equipment by which an autonomous robot is able to construct (or use) a map or floor plan and to localize itself within it
  • XNAV for deep space navigation

See alsoEdit

  • Positioning system
  • Guidance, navigation and control
  • Guidance system


  1. ^ Dissanayake, MWM Gamini, et al. "A solution to the simultaneous localization and map building (SLAM) problem." IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 17.3 (2001): 229-241.
  2. ^ Paul D. Groves (1 April 2013). Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems, Second Edition. Artech House. ISBN 978-1-60807-005-3.
  3. ^ Stephen F. Appleyard (23 January 2006). Marine Electronic Navigation. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-96309-6.