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Naujienos (socialist newspaper)

Naujienos office circa 1920 (photo from Vaisvil family album)

Naujienos with the English subtitle The Lithuanian Daily News[1] was a Lithuanian-language socialist daily newspaper published from Chicago, United States. Established in February 1914, it became the first daily of the Lithuanian-Americans.[2] After the October Revolution of 1917, the newspaper shifted its political orientation away from communism and socialism and towards social democracy.[3] The newspaper helped to raise funds for Lituanica and Lituanica II, two transatlantic flights by Lithuanian pilots.[4] As of 1960, it had a circulation of around 14,000.[5] Pijus Grigaitis (1914–1919, 1919–1969) and Martynas Gudelis (1969–1986) were the long-time editors of the paper. Soon after Gudelis, the newspaper ceased publication.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Miller, Sally M. (1987). The Ethnic Press in the United States: a Historical Analysis and Handbook (illustrated ed.). Greenwood Press. p. 240. ISBN 0-313-23879-0. 
  2. ^ Urbonas, Vytas (2002). Lietuvos žurnalistikos istorija (in Lithuanian) (2nd ed.). Klaipėda: Klaipėdos universiteto leidykla. p. 134. ISBN 9955-456-49-3. 
  3. ^ Urbonas, Vytas (2002). Lietuvos žurnalistikos istorija (in Lithuanian) (2nd ed.). Klaipėda: Klaipėdos universiteto leidykla. p. 265. ISBN 9955-456-49-3. 
  4. ^ Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–1978). "Naujienos". Encyclopedia Lituanica. IV. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. pp. 49–50. LCC 74-114275. 
  5. ^ Braunthal, Julius, ed. (1960). Yearbook of the International Socialist Labour Movement. II. London: Lincolns-Prager International Yearbook Pub. Co. p. 269. OCLC 1773077. 
  6. ^ Škiudaitė, Audronė V. (2009-04-18). "Apie užsienio lietuvių spaudą" (PDF). Kultūra, supplement of Draugas (in Lithuanian). 16 (76). OCLC 9426502. 

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