National treasure of France

A National treasure of France is a cultural good of major importance to the heritage of France from the point of view of art, history, or archeology. It is officially designated as such when a particular good has been the subject of a refusal of an export certificate which temporarily prevents its exit from the territory of France.[1]


National treasures are defined in article L.111-1 of the French heritage code:

  • Goods belonging to the collections of museums in France
  • Public archives as well as goods classified as historical archives
  • Properties classified as historical monuments
  • Other goods forming part of the movable public domain (art. L. 2112-1 of the general code of the property of public persons)
  • Other properties of major interest for the national heritage from the point of view of history, art, or archeology.


  1. ^ "Qu'est-ce qu'un trésor national ?". Connaissance des Arts. December 22, 2006.