National Women's Party of Turkey

National Women's Party of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Ulusal Kadınlar Partisi, TUKP for short) was a former Turkish political party.

It was founded on 17 November 1972 by Mübeccel Göktuna in Istanbul.[1] Although Turkish women gained universal suffrage in 1934, in the 1970s women's participation in Turkish politics was very low. For example, in the 1969 elections only 5 women MPs were elected to the 450-seat lower house of the parliament.[2] Thus the goal of the party was to increase women's participation in politics.

However the party faced with legal barriers. In order to enter the elections, the party had to form branch offices in at least 15 provinces which the party failed to achieve. Before they were able to fulfill the legal requirements to enter the election however, the activities of all Turkish parties were suspended as a result of the 1980 Turkish coup d'état. On 16 September 1981 the party (like all other parties) was closed by the military rule. Unlike main parties, the National Women's party was not revived after Turkey returned to civilian democracy in 1983. In June 2014, however, women's rights activists (led by Benal Yazgan) submitted a petition to the Interior Ministry for a new Woman Party (Kadın Partisi) to be formally registered as a political party.[3]

See also



  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2013-02-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Hürriyet newspaper (in Turkish)
  3. ^ Turkey’s first 'women’s party' to be established