National Order of the Lion

The National Order of the Lion (French: Ordre national du Lion du Sénégal) is the highest order of Senegal.[1]

National Order of the Lion
Order of the Lion grand cross badge (Senegal) - Tallinn Museum of Orders.jpg
Badge of the Grand Cross
Awarded by Senegal
TypeState
Established22 October 1960; 61 years ago (1960-10-22)
MottoFrench: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" ("One People, One Goal, One Faith")
StatusActive
Grand MasterMacky Sall
Grand ChancellorOusmane Ibrahima Sall [fr]
Classes
Precedence
Next (higher)None
Next (lower)Order of Merit [fr]
SEN Order of the Lion - Knight BAR.png
Ribbon (Knight)

The order was instituted by Law 60-36 of 22 October 1960, later modified by Law 62-416 of 11 July 1962, and by Law 64-06 of 24 January 1964.[2] It is awarded for distinguished contributions,[3] both civil and military.[1] The order is one of two national orders of Senegal, the other one being the Order of Merit [fr]. Because the National Order of the Lion is awarded only sparingly to keep it in high esteem, the other order was established to recognize contributions that would otherwise be neglected.[3]

The President of Senegal is the Grand Master of the order and chairs the Council of the Order composed of ten people.[4] The Grand Chancellery of the order is under the Protocol Division of the Cabinet of Senegal.[5] The Grand Chancellor is counter admiral Ousmane Ibrahima Sall [fr].[6] The insignia, manufactured by Arthus-Bertrand in Paris,[7] bear the words "République du Sénégal ("Republic of Senegal") and the Senegalese national motto in French: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" ("One People, One Goal, One Faith").[1] The ribbon is green.[8]

RanksEdit

 
Star of the Grand Cross

The order has the following five classes: Grand Cross (grand-croix), Grand Officer (grand officier), Commander (commandeur), Officer (officier), and Knight (chevalier).[1] Membership in the order is limited to 25 Grand Crosses, 100 Grand Officers, 200 Commanders, 1,000 Officers, and 5,000 Knights, not including foreign members.[4]

Ribbon bars[9]
 
Grand Cross
 
Grand Officer
 
Commander
 
Officer
 
Knight

RecipientsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Sainty, Guy Stair; Heydel-Mankoo, Rafal, eds. (2006). World Orders of Knighthood and Merit. Vol. 2. Wilmington: Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1556. ISBN 978-0-9711966-7-4.
  2. ^ Repetski, Ilja. "Order of the Lion". World Awards. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b "National orders". Presidency of Senegal. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Décorations du Sénégal". semon.fr (in French). 28 November 1996. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  5. ^ "The Cabinet". Presidency of Senegal. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Macky Sall nomme le contre-amiral Ousmane Sall". EnQuete+ (in French). 6 November 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Senegalin Leijonan ritarikunnan suurristi ja rintatähti; kunniamerkki". Finna (in Finnish and English). Coin Chamber, The National Museum of Finland. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Senegal: Order of the Lion". Medals of the World. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  9. ^ Barrio, Antonio Prieto. "Senegal | Sénégal". Militaria (in English and French). Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Grand Cross of National Order of Lion and the Certificate". Korea Today. Vol. 707, no. 5. 2015. ISSN 0454-4072.
  11. ^ "Biography". Presidency of Senegal. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Senegal is a valuable friend and a strategic partner of ours". tccb.gov.tr. Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  13. ^ "Senegal awards President Xi honorary medal for 'distinguished services'". WatsupAsia.
  14. ^ "Decret No. 2004-611 du 30 avril 2004". Journal officiel de la République du Sénégal (in French). St. Louis: Imprint officielle de l'etat Sénégal (6169). 3 July 2004. OCLC 6217724.
  15. ^ "Le professeur Didier Raoult élevé à la dignité de commandeur dans l'ordre national du lion par Macky Sall" (in French). 30 March 2021.
  16. ^ "Sénégal: le Pr Didier Raoult élevé au rang de Commandeur de l'Ordre national du Lion" (in French). 31 March 2021.
  17. ^ "Decret No. 2005-515 du 1er juin 2005 portant nomination dans l'Ordre national du Lion à titre posthume". Journal officiel de la République du Sénégal (in French). St. Louis: Imprint officielle de l'etat Sénégal (6230). 16 July 2005. OCLC 6217724.
  18. ^ Sane, Idrissa (14 March 2006). "Sénégal: Rencontre des femmes écrivains à Gorée : Aminata Sow Fall donnée en exemple à la nouvelle génération". allAfrica.com (in French). Retrieved 14 March 2021.

Further readingEdit

  • Journal officiel de la République du Sénégal (in French). St. Louis: Imprint officielle de l'etat Sénégal. OCLC 6217724.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
  • Roffignac, Nicolas de (2000). Ordres et médailles des pays d'Afrique: à l'époque post-coloniale, de 1960 à nos jours (in French). Paris: N. de Roffignac. ISBN 978-2-9513847-0-5.
  • Touré, Mamadou Lamdou (2010). La symbolique nationale du Sénégal (in French). Dakar: Doro Éditions. OCLC 489448201.

External linksEdit